publication . Article . 2017

No Sensory Compensation for Olfactory Memory: Differences between Blind and Sighted People

Agnieszka Sorokowska; Agnieszka Sorokowska; Maciej Karwowski;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2017 Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 8 (eissn: 1664-1078, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Abstract
Blindness can be a driving force behind a variety of changes in sensory systems. When vision is missing, other modalities and higher cognitive functions can become hyper-developed through a mechanism called sensory compensation. Overall, previous studies suggest that olfactory memory in blind people can be better than that of the sighted individuals. Better performance of blind individuals in other-sensory modalities was hypothesized to be a result of, among others, intense perceptual training. At the same time, if the superiority of blind people in olfactory abilities indeed results from training, their scores should not decrease with age to such an extent as a...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Psychology, Modalities, Olfactory memory, Semantic memory, Visual impairment, medicine.symptom, medicine, Audiology, medicine.medical_specialty, Psychology, Sensory system, Cued speech, Olfaction, Social psychology, Cognition, Original Research, blindness, aging, sensory compensation, BF1-990
Related Organizations
55 references, page 1 of 4

Amedi A.Raz N.Pianka P.Malach R.Zohary E. (2003). Early “visual” cortex activation correlates with superior verbal memory performance in the blind. Nat. Neurosci. 6 758–766. 10.1038/nn1072 12808458 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Beaulieu-Lefebvre M.Schneider F. C.Kupers R.Ptito M. (2011). Odor perception and odor awareness in congenital blindness. Brain Res. Bull. 84 206–209. 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2010.12.014 21236321 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Chobor K. L. (1992). “A neurolinguistic perspective of the study of olfaction. in Science of Olfaction eds Serby M. J.Chobor K. L. (New York, NY: Springer) 355–377. 10.1007/978-1-4612-2836-3_12 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Choudhury E. S.Moberg P. J.Doty R. L. (2003). Influences of age and sex on a microencapsula ted odor memory test. Chem. Senses 28 799–805. 10.1093/chemse/bjg072 14654448 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

ÇomoğluŞ.Orhan K. S.Kocaman S. Ü.Çelik M.KeleşN.Değer K. (2015). Olfactory function assessment of blind subjects using the sniffin’ sticks test. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 153 286–290. 10.1177/0194599815583975 25968058 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cornell Kärnekull S.Arshamian A.Nilsson M. E.Larsson M. (2016). From perception to metacognition: auditory and olfactory functions in early blind, late blind, and sighted individuals. Front. Psychol. 7:1450. 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01450 27729884 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cornell Kärnekull S.Jönsson F. U.Willander J.Sikström S.Larsson M. (2015). Long-term memory for odors: influences of familiarity and identification across 64 days. Chem. Senses 40 259–267. 10.1093/chemse/bjv003 25740304 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Croy I.Zehner C.Larsson M.Zucco G. M.Hummel T. (2015). Test-retest reliability and validity of the sniffin’ TOM odor memory test. Chem. Senses 40 173–179. 10.1093/chemse/bju069 25550307 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cuevas I.Plaza P.Rombaux P.Collignon O.De Volder A.Renier L. (2010). Do people who became blind early in life develop a better sense of smell? a psychophysical study. J. Vis. Impair. Blind. 104 369–379.

Cuevas I.Plaza P.Rombaux P.De Volder A. G.Renier L. (2009). Odour discrimination and identification are improved in early blindness. Neuropsychologia 47 3079–3083. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.07.004 19616019 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Doty R. L. (1989). Influence of age and age-related diseases on olfactory function. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 561 76–86. 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1989.tb20971.x 2525363 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Doty R. L. (2003). The Odor Memory Test TM Administration Manual 2nd Edn. Haddon Heights, NJ: Sensonics, Inc.

Doty R. L.Cameron E. L. (2009). Sex differences and reproductive hormone influences on human odor perception. Physiol. Behav. 97 213–228. 10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.02.032 19272398 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Espinosa M. A.Ungar S.Ochaita E.Blades M.Spencer C. (1998). Comparing methods for introducing blind and visually impaired people to unfamiliar urban environments. J. Environ. Psychol. 18 277–287. 10.1006/jevp.1998.0097 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ferdenzi C.Coureaud G.Camos V.Schaal B. (2010). Attitudes toward everyday odors for children with visual impairments: a pilot study. J. Vis. Impair. Blind. 104 55–60.

55 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Blindness can be a driving force behind a variety of changes in sensory systems. When vision is missing, other modalities and higher cognitive functions can become hyper-developed through a mechanism called sensory compensation. Overall, previous studies suggest that olfactory memory in blind people can be better than that of the sighted individuals. Better performance of blind individuals in other-sensory modalities was hypothesized to be a result of, among others, intense perceptual training. At the same time, if the superiority of blind people in olfactory abilities indeed results from training, their scores should not decrease with age to such an extent as a...
Subjects
free text keywords: General Psychology, Modalities, Olfactory memory, Semantic memory, Visual impairment, medicine.symptom, medicine, Audiology, medicine.medical_specialty, Psychology, Sensory system, Cued speech, Olfaction, Social psychology, Cognition, Original Research, blindness, aging, sensory compensation, BF1-990
Related Organizations
55 references, page 1 of 4

Amedi A.Raz N.Pianka P.Malach R.Zohary E. (2003). Early “visual” cortex activation correlates with superior verbal memory performance in the blind. Nat. Neurosci. 6 758–766. 10.1038/nn1072 12808458 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Beaulieu-Lefebvre M.Schneider F. C.Kupers R.Ptito M. (2011). Odor perception and odor awareness in congenital blindness. Brain Res. Bull. 84 206–209. 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2010.12.014 21236321 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Chobor K. L. (1992). “A neurolinguistic perspective of the study of olfaction. in Science of Olfaction eds Serby M. J.Chobor K. L. (New York, NY: Springer) 355–377. 10.1007/978-1-4612-2836-3_12 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Choudhury E. S.Moberg P. J.Doty R. L. (2003). Influences of age and sex on a microencapsula ted odor memory test. Chem. Senses 28 799–805. 10.1093/chemse/bjg072 14654448 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

ÇomoğluŞ.Orhan K. S.Kocaman S. Ü.Çelik M.KeleşN.Değer K. (2015). Olfactory function assessment of blind subjects using the sniffin’ sticks test. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 153 286–290. 10.1177/0194599815583975 25968058 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cornell Kärnekull S.Arshamian A.Nilsson M. E.Larsson M. (2016). From perception to metacognition: auditory and olfactory functions in early blind, late blind, and sighted individuals. Front. Psychol. 7:1450. 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01450 27729884 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cornell Kärnekull S.Jönsson F. U.Willander J.Sikström S.Larsson M. (2015). Long-term memory for odors: influences of familiarity and identification across 64 days. Chem. Senses 40 259–267. 10.1093/chemse/bjv003 25740304 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Croy I.Zehner C.Larsson M.Zucco G. M.Hummel T. (2015). Test-retest reliability and validity of the sniffin’ TOM odor memory test. Chem. Senses 40 173–179. 10.1093/chemse/bju069 25550307 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cuevas I.Plaza P.Rombaux P.Collignon O.De Volder A.Renier L. (2010). Do people who became blind early in life develop a better sense of smell? a psychophysical study. J. Vis. Impair. Blind. 104 369–379.

Cuevas I.Plaza P.Rombaux P.De Volder A. G.Renier L. (2009). Odour discrimination and identification are improved in early blindness. Neuropsychologia 47 3079–3083. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.07.004 19616019 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Doty R. L. (1989). Influence of age and age-related diseases on olfactory function. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 561 76–86. 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1989.tb20971.x 2525363 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Doty R. L. (2003). The Odor Memory Test TM Administration Manual 2nd Edn. Haddon Heights, NJ: Sensonics, Inc.

Doty R. L.Cameron E. L. (2009). Sex differences and reproductive hormone influences on human odor perception. Physiol. Behav. 97 213–228. 10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.02.032 19272398 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Espinosa M. A.Ungar S.Ochaita E.Blades M.Spencer C. (1998). Comparing methods for introducing blind and visually impaired people to unfamiliar urban environments. J. Environ. Psychol. 18 277–287. 10.1006/jevp.1998.0097 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ferdenzi C.Coureaud G.Camos V.Schaal B. (2010). Attitudes toward everyday odors for children with visual impairments: a pilot study. J. Vis. Impair. Blind. 104 55–60.

55 references, page 1 of 4
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publication . Article . 2017

No Sensory Compensation for Olfactory Memory: Differences between Blind and Sighted People

Agnieszka Sorokowska; Agnieszka Sorokowska; Maciej Karwowski;