Evaluation of the use of steelmaking slag as an aggregate in concrete mix: A factorial design approach

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Aljbour Salah H. ; Tarawneh Sultan A. ; Al-Harahsheh Adnan M. (2017)
  • Publisher: Association of the Chemical Engineers of Serbia
  • Journal: Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly (issn: 1451-9372, eissn: 2217-7434)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.2298/CICEQ151002016A
  • Subject: steelmaking slag | concrete | factorial design | compressive strength | Chemical engineering | TP155-156 | Chemical industries | HD9650-9663

Slag is investigated towards its potential use as an aggregate in concrete mix production. Full factorial design methodology is applied to study the effect of two process input variables, namely: slag as coarse aggregate and slag as medium aggregate on the properties of concrete mix. Additionally, the interaction between input variables is also examined. Incorporating steel slag aggregate in the concrete mix affected its compressive strength. Enhanced compressive strength concrete mix was obtained with 70 wt.% coarse slag aggregate and 70 wt.% medium slag aggregate. Under these proportions, the 28-days compressive strength was higher than the 28-days compressive strength of a concrete mix prepared from normal aggregate. Strong interaction effect exists between slag aggregate size on the compressive strength at 7-days curing. Lower compressive strength for the concrete mix might be obtained if improper proportions of mixed medium and coarse slag aggregate were employed.
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