Double profunda brachii artery

Article English OPEN
Gavishiddappa A Hadimani ; Jyoti V Hadimani ; Ishwar B Bagoji ; Shardha Bai Rathod ; Balappa M Bannur (2016)
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
  • Journal: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences (issn: 2468-838X, eissn: 2456-1975)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.4103/2468-838X.196109
  • Subject: Axillary artery | brachial artery | profunda brachii artery | triceps brachii | Therapeutics. Pharmacology | RM1-950

Brachial artery (BA) is a continuation of the axillary artery at the lower border of teres major. In the cubital fossa, BA divides into radial artery and ulnar artery as terminal branches. Large branch given from the BA in the upper part is profunda brachii artery. In the present case, we noticed double profunda brachii that arises from the BA. They are profunda brachii artery 1 and profunda brachii artery 2. Profunda brachii artery 1 arises in the proximal part of the BA and profunda brachii artery 2 arises distal to the profunda brachii artery 1. Both the arteries run inferolaterally in the spiral groove along with radial nerve. Variations of profunda brachii artery are important during harvesting of the lateral arm flaps and may lead to inadvertent injury during percutaneous arterial catheterization or injection of drugs.
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