The withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Agreement and its impact on global climate change governance

Article English OPEN
Yong-Xiang Zhang ; Qing-Chen Chao ; Qiu-Hong Zheng ; Lei Huang (2017)
  • Publisher: KeAi
  • Journal: Advances in Climate Change Research (issn: 1674-9278)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.accre.2017.08.005
  • Subject: U.S. withdraw Paris Agreement | Global climate change governance | Impact | Meteorology. Climatology | QC851-999 | Social sciences (General) | H1-99

The global community has prepared for the withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Agreement since Donald Trump was elected as the president of the U.S. However, Trump's formal declaration of withdrawal still caused worldwide reaction. Trump will use the withdrawal to build his political reputation and to renegotiate the Paris Agreement despite its negative effects on the political credibility, international relationships, and potential long-term economic growth of the U.S. In general, the withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Agreement will not change the development of low-carbon technologies and the transformation trend of the global climate governance regime. However, the long-term goals and international cooperation on climate change will be affected by budget cuts in American climate change research and the cancelation of donations from the multilateral environmental fund of the U.S. If the Paris Agreement is renegotiated, the common but differentiated principle of responsibility of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change will be challenged again. Nevertheless, climate change governance remains a main theme of future sustainable development. Instead of national governments, local governments and non-governmental organizations will develop strategies for technical innovation and emphasize pragmatic cooperation, thus expanding their roles in climate change governance. The capacity building on climate change research and public awareness should be enhanced as a long-term objective of global climate change governance.
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