Interstitial lung disease: Diagnostic approach

Article English OPEN
Kaushik Saha (2014)
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
  • Journal: The Journal of Association of Chest Physicians (issn: 2320-8775, eissn: 2320-9089)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.4103/2320-8775.126502
  • Subject: fiber optic bronchoscopy | Diseases of the respiratory system | interstitial lung disease | lung biopsy | high resolution computed tomographic thorax | RC705-779 | Clinical evaluation
    mesheuropmc: respiratory system | respiratory tract diseases | behavioral disciplines and activities

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a final common pathway of a broad heterogeneous group of parenchymal lung disorders. It is characterized by progressive fibrosis of the lung leading to restriction and diminished oxygen transfer. Clinically, the presenting symptoms of ILD are non-specific (cough and progressive dyspnea on exertion) and are often attributed to other diseases, thus delaying diagnosis and timely therapy. Clues from the medical history along with the clinical context and radiologic findings provide the initial basis for prioritizing diagnostic possibilities for a patient with ILD. An accurate prognosis and optimal treatment strategy for patients with ILDs can only be after an accurate diagnosis. This review will assist pulmonary physicians and medicine specialist in recognition of ILD. Extensive literature search has been made through PubMed and also Book References has been used for writing this review.
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