publication . Article . 2016

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: An Islamic critique

Anke Iman Bouzenita; Aisha Wood Boulanouar;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jul 2016 Journal: Intellectual Discourse (issn: 0128-4878, eissn: 2289-5639, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia
Abraham Maslow’s model of the hierarchy of needs is pervasive in many academic specialisations. After a short description of the model, this article summarises the existing criticisms. While criticism on the empirical validity of the model and its ethno-centricity are frequently mentioned in the literature, the authors of this article give special focus on the missing consideration of the spiritual aspect of human existence in Maslow’s model. The study explores reasons for the commodification of the model (i.e. the divorcing of the model from its substance and using it simply as a commodity) and the non-consideration of Maslow’s later changes. Special focus is l...
free text keywords: Hierarchy of needs, Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah, marketing, Maslow spirituality, Philosophy. Psychology. Religion, B, Islam. Bahai Faith. Theosophy, etc., BP1-610
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