publication . Article . 2012


Mohammad Hefni;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2012 Journal: Karsa: The journal of Social and Islamic Culture (issn: 2442-3289, eissn: 2442-4285, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: State College of Islamic Studies Pamekasan (STAIN Pamekasan)
<p><strong><em>Abstrac</em></strong></p> <p><em>This article traces patron-client relationship of Madurese both from socio-historical point of view and its contemporary progress. As an imbalance social-exchange relationship, in terms of patron-client relationship, second side (client) much highly depends upon the first side (patron). This had been experienced in Madurese social history during the native governmental period of time. The government was classified into two major classes; ruler class (patron) and farmer class (client). The former is fully in authority to take control either economic or politic potencies, however, the later transacts labors to the fi...
free text keywords: Islam, BP1-253
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