A new stationary droplet evaporation model and its validation
- Publisher: Elsevier
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics
Evaporation rate | TL1-4050 | Droplet | Thick exchange layer theory | Natural convection | Evaporation model | Kerosene | Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
arxiv: Physics::Fluid Dynamics | Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics
The liquid droplet evaporation character is important for not only combustion chamber design process but also high-accuracy spray combustion simulation. In this paper, the suspended droplets’ evaporation character was measured in a quiescent high-temperature environment by micro high-speed camera system. The gasoline and kerosene experimental results are consistent with the reference data. Methanol, common kerosene and aviation kerosene droplet evaporation characteristics, as well as their evaporation rate changing with temperature, were obtained. The evaporation rate experimental data were compared with the prediction result of Ranz-Marshall boiling temperature model (RMB), Ranz-Marshall low-temperature model (RML), drift flux model (DFM), mass analogy model (MAM), and stagnant film model (SFM). The disparity between the experimental data and the model prediction results was mainly caused by the neglect of the natural convection effect, which was never introduced into the droplet evaporation concept. A new droplet evaporation model with consideration of natural convection buoyancy force effect was proposed in this paper. Under the experimental conditions in this paper, the calculation results of the new droplet evaporation model were agreed with the experimental data for kerosene, methanol and other fuels, with less than 20% relative deviations. The relative deviations between the new evaporation model predictions for kerosene and the experimental data from the references were within 10%.