publication . Article . 2014

Habituation of reinforcer effectiveness

David R Lloyd; David R Lloyd; Douglas J Medina; Larry W Hawk; Whitney D Fosco; Jerry B Richards;
Open Access English
  • Published: 09 Jan 2014 Journal: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, volume 7 (eissn: 1662-5145, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
In this paper we propose an integrative model of habituation of reinforcer effectiveness (HRE) that links behavioral and neural based explanations of reinforcement. We argue that habituation of reinforcer effectiveness (HRE) is a fundamental property of reinforcing stimuli. Most reinforcement models implicitly suggest that the effectiveness of a reinforcer is stable across repeated presentations. In contrast, an HRE approach predicts decreased effectiveness due to repeated presentation. We argue that repeated presentation of reinforcing stimuli decreases their effectiveness and that these decreases are described by the behavioral characteristics of habituation (...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Neuroscience, Review Article, ADHD, behavioral regulation, dopamine, drug addiction, obesity, operant conditioning, psychomotor stimulant, sensory reinforcement, Sensory Systems, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, Reinforcement, Psychology, Habituation, Stimulus (physiology), Dopamine neurotransmission, Stimulant, medicine.medical_treatment, medicine, Differential effects, lcsh:Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, lcsh:RC321-571, lcsh:Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, lcsh:RC346-429
Funded by
NIH| Drug Abuse and Impulsivity : Tests of Animal Models
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5R01DA010588-08
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE
,
NIH| Effects of Negative Consequences on Drug Self Administration in Rats
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5R21DA026600-02
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE
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