Review : Pollution due to Coal Mining Activity and its Impact on Environment

Article English OPEN
Andi Arif Setiawan ; Dedik Budianta ; Dwi Putro Priadi ; Suheryanto (2018)
  • Publisher: Graduate Program Sriwijaya University
  • Journal: Sriwijaya Journal of Environment (issn: 2527-4961, eissn: 2527-3809)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.22135/sje.2018.3.1.1-5
  • Subject: GE1-350 | coal | heavy metal | Environmental sciences | pollution | gas emission
    mesheuropmc: respiratory system | complex mixtures | respiratory tract diseases | technology, industry, and agriculture

Utilization of natural resources in the form of coal mines has a positive impact on economic and energy development, in addition to coal mining activities have a negative impact on the environment that result in environmental pollution in soil, water, and air. Pollution begins when clearing land, taking exploitation, transporting, stockpile and when the coal is burned. When land clearing causes damage to forest ecosystems. At the time of exploitation impact on air pollution by coal dust particles, the erosion, siltation of the river, the pollution of heavy metals and the formation of acid mine drainage (AMD). The high acid conditions cause the faster heavy metals such as Hg, Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn and Ni present in the coal dissolved and carried to the waters. Coal stockpile activity also causes pollution in the air, soil, and water. At the time the coal is burned as an energy source causes the emission of hazardous materials into the air of Hg, As, Se and CO2 gas, NOx, SO2. This condition has an impact on the environment and ultimately on human health.
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