Article Russian OPEN
L. A. Regush ; E. E. Ermilova (2017)
  • Publisher: Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University
  • Journal: Obrazovanie i Nauka (issn: 1994-5639, eissn: 2310-5828)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.17853/1994-5639-2017-8-75-89
  • Subject: hypotheses | Education | consequence assessment | bachelor | professional choice | prognostic task | L | planning | decision-making | graduate | information

Introduction. Nowadays, modern students graduate from higher education institutions in the conditions of unwarranted employment, and they are given full freedom of the professional choice after graduation. The aim of the research is to describe the process of the professional choice among graduates with an accredited bachelor degree as a prognostic task solution. Methodology and research methods. The research is based on the analysis and generalization of research literature on the issues of professional self-determination, the theory of anticipation, forecasting psychology, and modeling of predictive activity at the speech-thought level. The method of experiment was used as an empirical method wherein the predictive task was the stimulus material. Results and scientific novelty. The characteristic of a predictive task is given. The authors’ technique «Predictive Task: Professional Choice» is briefly presented; empirical data on professional intentions of graduates with a bachelors degree were collected during the approbation. The weakest links of the professional choice process among the students are revealed as follows: a lack of relevant system information for implementation of the professional choice; incompleteness  of professional self-identification and hypothetical thinking among students during their training in higher education institutions. Thus, the directions of further studies of professional self-determination of university graduates are planned: identification of psychological determinants; comparison of initial attitudes of employment of students of federal and regional higher education institutions; analysis of features of the professional choice of graduates of various specialties. Practical significance. The materials of the present research can form the basis for development of the practical recommendations to optimize pedagogical maintenance of professional self-determination of students of higher education institutions according to their education. In authors’ view, purposeful work on formation of professional identity and training of students in forecasting techniques is in need to reduce the contingent of the graduates who do not plan to find a job according to the specialty. Moreover, such fundamental work could lead to conscious professional self-determination and skills acquisition to cope with various professional tasks.
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