publication . Article . 2018

Crimean–Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ticks from Kosovo and Albania

Kurtesh Sherifi; Agim Rexhepi; Kristaq Berxholi; Blerta Mehmedi; Rreze M. Gecaj; Zamira Hoxha; Anja Joachim; Georg Gerhard Duscher;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Mar 2018 Journal: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, volume 5 (eissn: 2297-1769, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Abstract
Tick-borne diseases pose a serious threat to human health in South-Eastern Europe, including Kosovo. While Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a well-known emerging infection in this area, there are no accurate data on Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). Therefore, we sampled and tested 795 ticks. Ixodes ricinus (n = 218), Dermacentor marginatus (n = 98), and Haemaphysalis spp. (n = 24) were collected from the environment by flagging (all from Kosovo), while Hyalomma marginatum (n = 199 from Kosovo, all from Kosovo) and Rhipicephalus bursa (n = 130, 126 from Albania) could be collected only by removal from animal pasture and domestic rumina...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: parasitic diseasesbacterial infections and mycoses
free text keywords: Lyme borreliosis, Dermacentor marginatus, Veterinary Science, Original Research, Tick, biology.organism_classification, biology, Veterinary medicine, Borrelia burgdorferi, Hyalomma marginatum, Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever, medicine.disease, medicine, Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Encephalitis, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis, lcsh:Veterinary medicine, lcsh:SF600-1100
53 references, page 1 of 4

1 International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Virus Taxonomy: 2016 Release. (2016). Available from: https://talk.ictvonline.org/taxonomy/

2 Hoogstraal H The epidemiology of tick–borne Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Asia, Europe and Africa. J Med Entomol (1979) 15:307–417.10.1093/jmedent/15.4.307 113533 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3 Whitehouse CA. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Antiviral Res (2004) 64:145–60.10.1016/j.antiviral.2004.08.001 15550268 [PubMed] [DOI]

4 Humolli I Dedushaj I Avsic–Zupanc T Mucaj S Epidemiological, serological and herd immunity of Crimean – Congo haemorrhagic fever in Kosovo. Med Arh (2010) 64:91–3.20514773 [PubMed]

5 Maltezou HC Andonova L Andraghetti R Bouloy M Ergonul O Jongejan F Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Europe: current situation calls for preparedness. Euro Surveill (2010) 15:19505.20403308 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

6 Papa A Tzala E Maltezou H Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Northeastern Greece. Emerg Infect Dis (2011) 17:141–3.10.3201/eid1701.100073 21192882 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

7 Kosovo National Institute of Public Health. (2016). Available from: http://msh-ks.org/instituti-kombetar-i-shendetesise-publike/

8 Papa A Velo E Papadimitriou E Cahani G Kota M Bino S. Ecology of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever endemic area in Albania. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis (2009) 9:713–6.10.1089/vbz.2008.0141 19402760 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

9 Sherifi K Cadar D Muji S Robaj A Ahmeti S Jakupi X Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus clades V and VI (Europe 1 and 2) in ticks in Kosovo, 2012. PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2014) 8:e3168.10.1371/journal.pntd.0003168 25255381 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

10 Ajazaj L Ahmeti S Halili B Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Kosovo during epidemic in 2013 [in Albanian]. Proceedings of the 1th National Conference of CCHF in Kosovo Malisheve, Kosovo (2015). 13 p.

11 Papa A Velo E Kontana A Kadriaj P Mersini K Dhimolea M Proceedings of the First International Conference of CCHF, 13–14 February 2015 Thessaloniki, Greece (2015). 18 p.

12 Deyede VM Khristova ML Rollin PE Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. J Virol (2006) 80:8834–42.10.1128/JVI.00752-06 16912331 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

13 Ozkaya E Dincer E Carhan A Uyar Y Ertek M Whitehouse CA Molecular epidemiology of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Turkey: occurrence of local topotype. Virus Res (2010) 14 9:64–70.10.1016/j.virusres.2009.12.014 20079776 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14 Gern L Humair PF Ecology of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Europe. In: Gray J Kahl O Lane RS Stanek G, editors. Lyme Borreliosis: Biology, Epidemiology and Control. UK: CAB International (2002). p. 149–74.

15 Gylfe A Bergström S Lundström J Olsen B Reactivation of Borrelia infection in birds. Nature (2000) 403:724–5.10.1038/35001663 10693792 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

53 references, page 1 of 4
Related research
Abstract
Tick-borne diseases pose a serious threat to human health in South-Eastern Europe, including Kosovo. While Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a well-known emerging infection in this area, there are no accurate data on Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). Therefore, we sampled and tested 795 ticks. Ixodes ricinus (n = 218), Dermacentor marginatus (n = 98), and Haemaphysalis spp. (n = 24) were collected from the environment by flagging (all from Kosovo), while Hyalomma marginatum (n = 199 from Kosovo, all from Kosovo) and Rhipicephalus bursa (n = 130, 126 from Albania) could be collected only by removal from animal pasture and domestic rumina...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: parasitic diseasesbacterial infections and mycoses
free text keywords: Lyme borreliosis, Dermacentor marginatus, Veterinary Science, Original Research, Tick, biology.organism_classification, biology, Veterinary medicine, Borrelia burgdorferi, Hyalomma marginatum, Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever, medicine.disease, medicine, Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Encephalitis, Ixodes ricinus, Haemaphysalis, lcsh:Veterinary medicine, lcsh:SF600-1100
53 references, page 1 of 4

1 International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Virus Taxonomy: 2016 Release. (2016). Available from: https://talk.ictvonline.org/taxonomy/

2 Hoogstraal H The epidemiology of tick–borne Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Asia, Europe and Africa. J Med Entomol (1979) 15:307–417.10.1093/jmedent/15.4.307 113533 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3 Whitehouse CA. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Antiviral Res (2004) 64:145–60.10.1016/j.antiviral.2004.08.001 15550268 [PubMed] [DOI]

4 Humolli I Dedushaj I Avsic–Zupanc T Mucaj S Epidemiological, serological and herd immunity of Crimean – Congo haemorrhagic fever in Kosovo. Med Arh (2010) 64:91–3.20514773 [PubMed]

5 Maltezou HC Andonova L Andraghetti R Bouloy M Ergonul O Jongejan F Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Europe: current situation calls for preparedness. Euro Surveill (2010) 15:19505.20403308 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

6 Papa A Tzala E Maltezou H Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Northeastern Greece. Emerg Infect Dis (2011) 17:141–3.10.3201/eid1701.100073 21192882 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

7 Kosovo National Institute of Public Health. (2016). Available from: http://msh-ks.org/instituti-kombetar-i-shendetesise-publike/

8 Papa A Velo E Papadimitriou E Cahani G Kota M Bino S. Ecology of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever endemic area in Albania. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis (2009) 9:713–6.10.1089/vbz.2008.0141 19402760 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

9 Sherifi K Cadar D Muji S Robaj A Ahmeti S Jakupi X Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus clades V and VI (Europe 1 and 2) in ticks in Kosovo, 2012. PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2014) 8:e3168.10.1371/journal.pntd.0003168 25255381 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

10 Ajazaj L Ahmeti S Halili B Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Kosovo during epidemic in 2013 [in Albanian]. Proceedings of the 1th National Conference of CCHF in Kosovo Malisheve, Kosovo (2015). 13 p.

11 Papa A Velo E Kontana A Kadriaj P Mersini K Dhimolea M Proceedings of the First International Conference of CCHF, 13–14 February 2015 Thessaloniki, Greece (2015). 18 p.

12 Deyede VM Khristova ML Rollin PE Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. J Virol (2006) 80:8834–42.10.1128/JVI.00752-06 16912331 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

13 Ozkaya E Dincer E Carhan A Uyar Y Ertek M Whitehouse CA Molecular epidemiology of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Turkey: occurrence of local topotype. Virus Res (2010) 14 9:64–70.10.1016/j.virusres.2009.12.014 20079776 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14 Gern L Humair PF Ecology of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Europe. In: Gray J Kahl O Lane RS Stanek G, editors. Lyme Borreliosis: Biology, Epidemiology and Control. UK: CAB International (2002). p. 149–74.

15 Gylfe A Bergström S Lundström J Olsen B Reactivation of Borrelia infection in birds. Nature (2000) 403:724–5.10.1038/35001663 10693792 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

53 references, page 1 of 4
Related research
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