Performance of Lightweight Natural-Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Article English OPEN
Hardjasaputra Harianto ; Ng Gino ; Urgessa Girum ; Lesmana Gabriella ; Sidharta Steven (2017)
  • Publisher: EDP Sciences
  • Journal: MATEC Web of Conferences (issn: 2261-236X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201713801009
  • Subject: Super Lightweight Concrete | Natural-fibers | compressive | tensile strength | Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | TA1-2040

Concrete, the most common construction material, has negligible tension capacity. However, a reinforcement material such as natural fibers, can be used to improve the tensile properties of concrete. This paper presents experiments conducted on Super Lightweight Concrete mixed with coconut fibers (SLNFRC). Coconut fibers are regarded as one of the toughest natural fibers to strengthen concrete. Coconut fiber reinforced composites have been considered as a sustainable construction material because the fibers are derived from waste. These wastes, which are available in large quantities in Asia, have to be extracted from the husk of coconut fruits and must pass a mechanical process before being added to a concrete mixture. The Super Lightweight Concrete was made by mixing concrete paste with foam agent that can reduce the overall weight of concrete up to 60% with compressive strength up to 6 MPa. The Super Lightweight Concrete is intended to be used for non-structural walls, as alternative conventional construction materials such as brick walls. The influence of coconut fibers content in increasing the flexural tensile strength of Super Lightweight Concrete was studied in this research. The fiber content studied include 0%, 0.1%, 0.175%, and 0.25% by weight of cement content. Sixteen specimens of SLNFRC mini beams of 60 mm x 60 mm x 300 mm were tested to failure to investigate their flexural strengths. The optimum percent fibers yielding higher tensile strength was found to be 0.175%
Share - Bookmark