publication . Article . 2007


Wan Chang Da;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2007 Journal: Kajian Malaysia (issn: 0127-4082, eissn: 2180-4273, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Delivery of higher education used to be exclusive to the public sector in Malaysia. However, legislative changes made in 1996 led to the coexistence of public and private higher education institutions. In 2007, there were 20 public universities compared to more than 500 private institutions, of which 30 are currently categorised as universities or university colleges. Looking at their respective roles as higher education providers, public and private institutions display characteristics of being substitutes while at the same time serving complementary roles to one another. This dichotomy between public and private higher education institutions can, in fact, be s...
free text keywords: higher education, institutions, public universities, private universities, clientele, Geography (General), G1-922
Download from
Kajian Malaysia
Article . 2007

Ahmad, M.A. and Noran, F.Y., 1999, Business of Higher Education in Malaysia: Development and Prospects in the New Millennium. Paper presented at ASAIHL Conference on The New Millennium: Business and Higher Education in the Asia-Pacific, Auckland Institute of Technology, New Zealand, December 6-8. (accessed on 11 March 2008).

Altbach, P.G., 2002, “The private sector in Asian higher education”, International Higher Education, Winter edition.

Fuller, T., 1999, “For-profit colleges divide Malaysians”, International Herald Tribune, 15 February. (accessed on 3 March 2008).

Lee, M.N.N., 2004a, “Private higher education in Malaysia: Expansion, diversification and consolidation”, in Lee, M.N.N. (Ed.), Restructuring Higher Education in Malaysia, Penang: School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia. M.N.N., 2004b, “Malaysian universities: Towards equality, accessibility and quality”, in Lee, M.N.N. (Ed.), Restructuring Higher Education in Malaysia, Penang: School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA), 2007, (accessed on 19 February 2008).

Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE), 2008, (accessed on 19 February 2008).

Muhamad, J., Chan, H.C., Suhaimi, S. and Suzyrman, S., 2006, Enhancing Quality of Faculty in Private Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia, Penang: National Higher Education Research Institute.

Sato, M., 2007, Dilemmas of Public University Reform in Malaysia, Clayton: Monash University Press.

Tham, S.C., 1979, “Issues in Malaysian education: Past, present and future”, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 10(2): 321-350.

Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue