HM-EH-RT: hybrid multimodal energy harvesting from rotational and translational motions

Article English OPEN
Miles Larkin ; Yonas Tadesse (2013)
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
  • Journal: International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials (issn: 1947-5411, eissn: 1947-542X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1080/19475411.2014.902870
  • Subject: energy harvesting | piezoelectric | electromagnetic | wearable device | multimodal | Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials | TA401-492

This paper presents a novel hybrid multimodal energy harvesting device consisting of an unbalanced rotary disk that supports two transduction methods, piezoelectric and electromagnetic. The device generates electrical energy from oscillatory motion either orthogonal or parallel to the rotary axis to power electronic devices. Analytical models for the electromagnetic and piezoelectric systems were developed to describe the mechanical and electrical behavior of the device. From these models, numerical simulations were performed to predict power generation capabilities. The device was fabricated, and several components were optimized experimentally. The energy harvester was then experimentally characterized using a modal shaker in several different orientations. The device generates a maximum RMS power output of 120 mW from the electromagnetic system at 5 Hz and 0.8 g, and 4.23 mW from the piezoelectric system at 20.2 Hz and 0.4 g excitation acceleration. The device is 180 mm in diameter and 45 mm thick including the rotor height. Further size optimization will produce an energy harvester capable of being used as a wearable device to power mobile electronics for multiple applications.
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