publication . Article . 2017

Greenhouse gas balance of an establishing Sphagnum culture on a former bog grassland in Germany

A. Günther; G. Jurasinski; K. Albrecht; G. Gaudig; M. Krebs; S. Glatzel;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Apr 2017 Journal: Mires and Peat (issn: 1819-754X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: International Mire Conservation Group and International Peat Society
Abstract
The cultivation of Sphagnum mosses on re-wetted peat bogs for use in horticulture is a new land use strategy. We provide the first greenhouse gas balances for a field-scale Sphagnum farming experiment on former bog grassland, in its establishment phase. Over two years we used closed chambers to make measurements of GHG exchange on production strips of Sphagnum palustre L. and Sphagnum papillosum Lindb. and on irrigation ditches. Methane fluxes of both Sphagnum species showed a significant decrease over the study period. This trend was stronger for S. papillosum. In contrast, the estimated CO2 fluxes did not show a significant temporal trend over the study period...
Subjects
free text keywords: carbon dioxide, ditches, methane, paludiculture, peatlands, Sphagnum farming, Ecology, QH540-549.5
61 references, page 1 of 5

Adkinson, A.C., Syed, K.H. & Flanagan, L.B. (2011) Contrasting responses of growing season ecosystem CO2 exchange to variation in temperature and watertable depth in two peatlands in northern Alberta, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, Article G01004, 1- 17.

Alm, J., Schulman, L., Walden, J., Nykänen, H., Martikainen, P.J. & Silvola, J. (1999) Carbon balance of a boreal bog during a year within an exceptionally dry summer. Ecology, 80, 161-174. [OpenAIRE]

Asada, T., Warner, B.G. & Banner, A. (2003) Growth of mosses in relation to climate factors in a hypermaritime coastal peatland in British Columbia, Canada. The Bryologist, 106, 516-527.

Askaer, L., Elberling, B., Friborg, T., Jørgensen, C.J. & Hansen, B.U. (2011) Plant-mediated CH4 transport and C gas dynamics quantified in-situ in a Phalaris arundinacea-dominant wetland. Plant and Soil, 343, 287-301. [OpenAIRE]

Aurela, M., Laurila, T. & Tuovinen, J.-P. (2002) Annual CO2 balance of a subarctic fen in northern Europe: Importance of the wintertime efflux. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, Article 4607, 1-12. [OpenAIRE]

Beetz, S., Liebersbach, H., Glatzel, S., Jurasinski, G., Buczko, U. & Höper, H. (2013) Effects of land use intensity on the full greenhouse gas balance in an Atlantic peat bog. Biogeosciences, 10, 1067- 1082. [OpenAIRE]

Beyer, C. (2014) Greenhouse gas exchange of organic soils in Northwest Germany. Effects of organic soil cultivation, agricultural land use and restoration. Dissertation, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, 262 pp.

Beyer, C. & Höper, H. (2015) Greenhouse gas exchange of rewetted bog peat extraction sites and a Sphagnum cultivation site in northwest Germany. Biogeosciences, 12, 2101-2117. [OpenAIRE]

Beyer, C., Liebersbach, H. & Höper, H. (2015) Multiyear greenhouse gas flux measurements on a temperate fen soil used for cropland or grassland. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 178, 99-111. [OpenAIRE]

Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. & Ulrichs, C. (2012) The youngest peat - Sustainable production of peat moss and its use as growing medium in professional horticulture. In: Peatlands in Balance, Proceedings of the 14th International Peat Congress, Stockholm, Sweden, International Peat Society, 7 pp.

Braun-Blanquet, J. (1951) Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde (Plant Sociology. Main Features of Vegetation Science). Springer, Vienna, 866 pp.

Chanton, J.P. & Whiting, G.J. (1995) Trace gas exchange in freshwater and coastal marine environments: Ebullition and transport by plants. In: Matson, P.A. & Harriss, R.C. (eds.) Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions From Soil and Water. Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford, UK, 98-125.

Cooper, M.D.A., Evans, C.D., Zielinski, P., Levy, P.E., Gray, A., Peacock, M., Norris, D., Fenner, N. & Freeman, C. (2014) Infilled ditches are hotspots of landscape methane flux following peatland re-wetting. Ecosystems, 17, 1227-1241.

Couwenberg, J., Thiele, A., Tanneberger, F., Augustin, J., Bärisch, S., Dubovik, D., Liashchynskaya, N., Michaelis, D., Minke, M., Skuratovich, A. & Joosten, H. (2011) Assessing greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands using vegetation as a proxy. Hydrobiologia, 674, 67-89. [OpenAIRE]

Drösler, M. (2005) Trace gas exchange and climatic relevance of bog ecosystems, Southern Germany. Dissertation, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany, 182 pp.

61 references, page 1 of 5
Abstract
The cultivation of Sphagnum mosses on re-wetted peat bogs for use in horticulture is a new land use strategy. We provide the first greenhouse gas balances for a field-scale Sphagnum farming experiment on former bog grassland, in its establishment phase. Over two years we used closed chambers to make measurements of GHG exchange on production strips of Sphagnum palustre L. and Sphagnum papillosum Lindb. and on irrigation ditches. Methane fluxes of both Sphagnum species showed a significant decrease over the study period. This trend was stronger for S. papillosum. In contrast, the estimated CO2 fluxes did not show a significant temporal trend over the study period...
Subjects
free text keywords: carbon dioxide, ditches, methane, paludiculture, peatlands, Sphagnum farming, Ecology, QH540-549.5
61 references, page 1 of 5

Adkinson, A.C., Syed, K.H. & Flanagan, L.B. (2011) Contrasting responses of growing season ecosystem CO2 exchange to variation in temperature and watertable depth in two peatlands in northern Alberta, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, Article G01004, 1- 17.

Alm, J., Schulman, L., Walden, J., Nykänen, H., Martikainen, P.J. & Silvola, J. (1999) Carbon balance of a boreal bog during a year within an exceptionally dry summer. Ecology, 80, 161-174. [OpenAIRE]

Asada, T., Warner, B.G. & Banner, A. (2003) Growth of mosses in relation to climate factors in a hypermaritime coastal peatland in British Columbia, Canada. The Bryologist, 106, 516-527.

Askaer, L., Elberling, B., Friborg, T., Jørgensen, C.J. & Hansen, B.U. (2011) Plant-mediated CH4 transport and C gas dynamics quantified in-situ in a Phalaris arundinacea-dominant wetland. Plant and Soil, 343, 287-301. [OpenAIRE]

Aurela, M., Laurila, T. & Tuovinen, J.-P. (2002) Annual CO2 balance of a subarctic fen in northern Europe: Importance of the wintertime efflux. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, Article 4607, 1-12. [OpenAIRE]

Beetz, S., Liebersbach, H., Glatzel, S., Jurasinski, G., Buczko, U. & Höper, H. (2013) Effects of land use intensity on the full greenhouse gas balance in an Atlantic peat bog. Biogeosciences, 10, 1067- 1082. [OpenAIRE]

Beyer, C. (2014) Greenhouse gas exchange of organic soils in Northwest Germany. Effects of organic soil cultivation, agricultural land use and restoration. Dissertation, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, 262 pp.

Beyer, C. & Höper, H. (2015) Greenhouse gas exchange of rewetted bog peat extraction sites and a Sphagnum cultivation site in northwest Germany. Biogeosciences, 12, 2101-2117. [OpenAIRE]

Beyer, C., Liebersbach, H. & Höper, H. (2015) Multiyear greenhouse gas flux measurements on a temperate fen soil used for cropland or grassland. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 178, 99-111. [OpenAIRE]

Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. & Ulrichs, C. (2012) The youngest peat - Sustainable production of peat moss and its use as growing medium in professional horticulture. In: Peatlands in Balance, Proceedings of the 14th International Peat Congress, Stockholm, Sweden, International Peat Society, 7 pp.

Braun-Blanquet, J. (1951) Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde (Plant Sociology. Main Features of Vegetation Science). Springer, Vienna, 866 pp.

Chanton, J.P. & Whiting, G.J. (1995) Trace gas exchange in freshwater and coastal marine environments: Ebullition and transport by plants. In: Matson, P.A. & Harriss, R.C. (eds.) Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions From Soil and Water. Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford, UK, 98-125.

Cooper, M.D.A., Evans, C.D., Zielinski, P., Levy, P.E., Gray, A., Peacock, M., Norris, D., Fenner, N. & Freeman, C. (2014) Infilled ditches are hotspots of landscape methane flux following peatland re-wetting. Ecosystems, 17, 1227-1241.

Couwenberg, J., Thiele, A., Tanneberger, F., Augustin, J., Bärisch, S., Dubovik, D., Liashchynskaya, N., Michaelis, D., Minke, M., Skuratovich, A. & Joosten, H. (2011) Assessing greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands using vegetation as a proxy. Hydrobiologia, 674, 67-89. [OpenAIRE]

Drösler, M. (2005) Trace gas exchange and climatic relevance of bog ecosystems, Southern Germany. Dissertation, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany, 182 pp.

61 references, page 1 of 5
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