publication . Article . 2015

Carbon fixing capacity of amazonian soils in relation to its degradation conditions

Maolenmarx Tatiana Garzón Gómez; Bernardo Eusebio Betancurt Parra; Gladys Inés Cardona Vanegas; Carlos Hernando Rodríguez León; Edmundo Rafael Mendoza Olmos; Clara Patricia Peña Venegas; Maolenmarx Tatiana Garzón Gómez; Bernardo Eusebio Betancurt Parra; Gladys Inés Cardona Vanegas; Carlos Hernando Rodríguez León; ...
Open Access Spanish; Castilian
  • Published: 17 Jun 2015
  • Publisher: REVISTA EIA
Abstract
Amazonian deforestation and transformation alert about their effects worldwide. One concern is the increase of the Carbon (C) levels emitted. Previous works have estimated the fixed C in Amazon forests without including the C stored in soils. Within soil, the organic carbon molecules are highly sensitive to degradation, affecting the natural capacity of soils to fix and store C. The present study evaluates the impact of degradation in the natural capacity of Amazon soils to fix C. Thirty five farms with different typology were selected in Caquetá department which hold the highest deforestation and soil degradation rates in the Colombian Amazon. Soil samples were...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ciencias Naturales, Ciencias Biológicas, Biología Celular y Microbiología, Setting C, Amazonian Soils, Degradation, Emotions., Emotions, Fijación de C, suelos amazónicos, degradación, emociones, Fixação C, Solos da Amazônia, A degradação, Emoções, Technology, T, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040

Ananyeva, N. D.; Susyan, E. A.; Chernova, O. V.; Wirth, S. (2008). Microbial Respiration Activities of Soils from Different Climatic Regions of European Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology, 44(2), March-April, pp. 147-157. [OpenAIRE]

Carvalho, J. L. N.; Cerria, C. E. P.; Feigl, B. J.; Píccolo, M. C.; Godinho, V. P.; Cerri, C.C. (2009). Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils in the Cerrado region of the Brazilian Amazon. Soil and Tillage Research, 103 (2), May, pp. 342-349. [OpenAIRE]

Cerri, C.E.P.; Coleman, K.; Jenkinson, D. S.; Bernoux, M.; Vectoria, R.; Cerri, C.C. (2003). Modeling Soil Carbon from Forest and Pasture Ecosystemsof Amazon, Brazil. Soil Scientific Society of America Journal, 67, pp. 1879- 1887, 2003.

Feldpausch, T. R.; Rondon, M. A.; Fernandes, E. C. M.; Riha, S. J.; Wandelli, E. (2004). Carbon and Nutrient Accumulation in Secondary Forests Regenerating on Pastures in Central Amazonia. Ecological Applications, 14(4), Suplement: LBA Experimental, pp. S164-S176.

Grant, R. F.; Hutyra, L. R.; de Oliveira, R. C.; Munger, W.; Saleska, S. R.; Wofsy, S. C. (2009). Modeling the Carbon Balance of Amazonian Rain Forests: Resolving Ecological Controls on Net Ecosystem Productivity. Ecological Monographs, 79(3), August, pp. 445-463. [OpenAIRE]

Lal, R.(2007). Carbon Management in Agrocultural Soils. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, pp. 303-322, 2007.

Maia, S. M. F.; Ogle, S. M.; Cerri, C. E. P. (2010). Soil Organic Carbon Stock Change Due to Land Use Activity Along the Agricultural Frontier of the Southwestern Amazon, Brazil, Between 1970 and 2002. Global Change Biology, 16(10), pp. 2775-2788.

Moraes, J. F. L.; Volkoff, B.; Cerri, C. C.; Bernoux, M. (1996). Soil Properties under Amazon Forest and Changes due to Pasture Installation in Rondonia, Brazil. Geoderma, 70 (1), March, pp. 63-81. [OpenAIRE]

Murcia-García, U. G.; Castellanos, H. O.; Fonseca-Pérez, D.; Ceontescu, N.; Rodríguez-Rendón, J. M.; HuertasGarcía, C. M. (2007). Monitoreo de los bosques y otras coberturas de la Amazonia colombiana. Datos del periodo 2007. Anexo: mapa coberturas de la tierra 2007 Amazonia colombiana. Bogotá: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi.

Murcia-García, U. G.; Castellanos, H. O.; Fonseca-Pérez, D.; Ceontescu, N.; Rodríguez-Rendón, J. M.; HuertasGarcía, C. M. (2009). Monitoreo de los bosques y otras coberturas de la Amazonia colombiana. Bogot á: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi, 212 p.

Murcia-García, U.G.; Castellanos, H.O.; Rodríguez-Rondón, J. M.; Huertas-García, C. M. (2011). Monitoreo de los bosques y otras coberturas de la Amazonia colombiana, a escala 1:100.000. Cambios multi-temporales en el período 2002 al 2007. 2011, Bogotá: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi. 226 p.

Sifuentes-Cortez, M.E. (2009). Evaluación del diseño de pequeñas fincas agropecuarias y de la condición de las pasturas mejoradas en la zona sur de Costa Rica. Tesis para optar el título de MSc. en Agroforestería Tropical, CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza), Turrialba, Costa Rica. 123p.

Susyan, E. A.; Wirth, S.; Ananyeva, N. D., Stolnikova, E. V. (2011). Forest Succession on Abandoned Arable Soils in European Russia - Impacts on Microbial Biomass, Fungal-Bacterial Ratio, and Basal CO2 Respiration Activity. European Journal of Soil Biology, 47 (3), MayJune, pp. 169-174. [OpenAIRE]

Waldrop, M. P. ; Balser, T. C. ; Firestone, M. K. (2000). Linking Microbial Community Composition to Function in a Tropical Soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 32, pp. 1837-1846. [OpenAIRE]

Peña-Vanegas, C.P.; Mendoza-Olmos, E.R.; CardonaVanegas, G.I.; Betancurt-Parra, B.E.; Garzón-Gómez, M.T. (2015). Carbon Fixing Capacity of Amazonian Soils in Relation to its Degradation Conditions. Revista EIA, 12(E2) junio, pp. E47-E53. [Online]. Disponible en: http:// dx.doi.org/10.14508/reia.2015.12.E2.47-53.

Abstract
Amazonian deforestation and transformation alert about their effects worldwide. One concern is the increase of the Carbon (C) levels emitted. Previous works have estimated the fixed C in Amazon forests without including the C stored in soils. Within soil, the organic carbon molecules are highly sensitive to degradation, affecting the natural capacity of soils to fix and store C. The present study evaluates the impact of degradation in the natural capacity of Amazon soils to fix C. Thirty five farms with different typology were selected in Caquetá department which hold the highest deforestation and soil degradation rates in the Colombian Amazon. Soil samples were...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ciencias Naturales, Ciencias Biológicas, Biología Celular y Microbiología, Setting C, Amazonian Soils, Degradation, Emotions., Emotions, Fijación de C, suelos amazónicos, degradación, emociones, Fixação C, Solos da Amazônia, A degradação, Emoções, Technology, T, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040

Ananyeva, N. D.; Susyan, E. A.; Chernova, O. V.; Wirth, S. (2008). Microbial Respiration Activities of Soils from Different Climatic Regions of European Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology, 44(2), March-April, pp. 147-157. [OpenAIRE]

Carvalho, J. L. N.; Cerria, C. E. P.; Feigl, B. J.; Píccolo, M. C.; Godinho, V. P.; Cerri, C.C. (2009). Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils in the Cerrado region of the Brazilian Amazon. Soil and Tillage Research, 103 (2), May, pp. 342-349. [OpenAIRE]

Cerri, C.E.P.; Coleman, K.; Jenkinson, D. S.; Bernoux, M.; Vectoria, R.; Cerri, C.C. (2003). Modeling Soil Carbon from Forest and Pasture Ecosystemsof Amazon, Brazil. Soil Scientific Society of America Journal, 67, pp. 1879- 1887, 2003.

Feldpausch, T. R.; Rondon, M. A.; Fernandes, E. C. M.; Riha, S. J.; Wandelli, E. (2004). Carbon and Nutrient Accumulation in Secondary Forests Regenerating on Pastures in Central Amazonia. Ecological Applications, 14(4), Suplement: LBA Experimental, pp. S164-S176.

Grant, R. F.; Hutyra, L. R.; de Oliveira, R. C.; Munger, W.; Saleska, S. R.; Wofsy, S. C. (2009). Modeling the Carbon Balance of Amazonian Rain Forests: Resolving Ecological Controls on Net Ecosystem Productivity. Ecological Monographs, 79(3), August, pp. 445-463. [OpenAIRE]

Lal, R.(2007). Carbon Management in Agrocultural Soils. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, pp. 303-322, 2007.

Maia, S. M. F.; Ogle, S. M.; Cerri, C. E. P. (2010). Soil Organic Carbon Stock Change Due to Land Use Activity Along the Agricultural Frontier of the Southwestern Amazon, Brazil, Between 1970 and 2002. Global Change Biology, 16(10), pp. 2775-2788.

Moraes, J. F. L.; Volkoff, B.; Cerri, C. C.; Bernoux, M. (1996). Soil Properties under Amazon Forest and Changes due to Pasture Installation in Rondonia, Brazil. Geoderma, 70 (1), March, pp. 63-81. [OpenAIRE]

Murcia-García, U. G.; Castellanos, H. O.; Fonseca-Pérez, D.; Ceontescu, N.; Rodríguez-Rendón, J. M.; HuertasGarcía, C. M. (2007). Monitoreo de los bosques y otras coberturas de la Amazonia colombiana. Datos del periodo 2007. Anexo: mapa coberturas de la tierra 2007 Amazonia colombiana. Bogotá: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi.

Murcia-García, U. G.; Castellanos, H. O.; Fonseca-Pérez, D.; Ceontescu, N.; Rodríguez-Rendón, J. M.; HuertasGarcía, C. M. (2009). Monitoreo de los bosques y otras coberturas de la Amazonia colombiana. Bogot á: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi, 212 p.

Murcia-García, U.G.; Castellanos, H.O.; Rodríguez-Rondón, J. M.; Huertas-García, C. M. (2011). Monitoreo de los bosques y otras coberturas de la Amazonia colombiana, a escala 1:100.000. Cambios multi-temporales en el período 2002 al 2007. 2011, Bogotá: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi. 226 p.

Sifuentes-Cortez, M.E. (2009). Evaluación del diseño de pequeñas fincas agropecuarias y de la condición de las pasturas mejoradas en la zona sur de Costa Rica. Tesis para optar el título de MSc. en Agroforestería Tropical, CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza), Turrialba, Costa Rica. 123p.

Susyan, E. A.; Wirth, S.; Ananyeva, N. D., Stolnikova, E. V. (2011). Forest Succession on Abandoned Arable Soils in European Russia - Impacts on Microbial Biomass, Fungal-Bacterial Ratio, and Basal CO2 Respiration Activity. European Journal of Soil Biology, 47 (3), MayJune, pp. 169-174. [OpenAIRE]

Waldrop, M. P. ; Balser, T. C. ; Firestone, M. K. (2000). Linking Microbial Community Composition to Function in a Tropical Soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 32, pp. 1837-1846. [OpenAIRE]

Peña-Vanegas, C.P.; Mendoza-Olmos, E.R.; CardonaVanegas, G.I.; Betancurt-Parra, B.E.; Garzón-Gómez, M.T. (2015). Carbon Fixing Capacity of Amazonian Soils in Relation to its Degradation Conditions. Revista EIA, 12(E2) junio, pp. E47-E53. [Online]. Disponible en: http:// dx.doi.org/10.14508/reia.2015.12.E2.47-53.

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publication . Article . 2015

Carbon fixing capacity of amazonian soils in relation to its degradation conditions

Maolenmarx Tatiana Garzón Gómez; Bernardo Eusebio Betancurt Parra; Gladys Inés Cardona Vanegas; Carlos Hernando Rodríguez León; Edmundo Rafael Mendoza Olmos; Clara Patricia Peña Venegas; Maolenmarx Tatiana Garzón Gómez; Bernardo Eusebio Betancurt Parra; Gladys Inés Cardona Vanegas; Carlos Hernando Rodríguez León; ...