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Publication . Article . 2015

Monist and Dualist Tendencies in Platonism before Plotinus

Dillon, John;
Open Access
Greek
Published: 01 Apr 2015 Journal: SCHOLE, volume 1, issue 1, pages 37-50 (issn: 1995-4328, eissn: 1995-4336, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Novosibirsk State University Press
Abstract

An article by John Dillon (Trinity College, Dublin) argues that the Platonism that Plotinus inherits setting aside Ammonius Saccas, of whom we know all too little is by the later second century distinctly dualist in tendency, and is able, especially in the case of Plutarch, to quote Plato to its purpose. Plato himself, though, as the author maintains, is, despite appearances to the contrary, what one might term a 'modified monist'. That is to say, he fully recognizes the degree of imperfection and evil in the world, and holds it to be ineradicable, but he does not in the last resort believe in a positive countervailing force to the Good or the One. What we have is simply a negative force, whether Indefinite Dyad, disorderly World-Soul, or Receptacle, which is an inevitable condition of their being a world at all, but which, as a side-effect of introducing diversity, generates various sorts of imperfection. It is this scenario that justifies his follower Hermodorus in declaring that Plato recognizes only a single first principle, and it to this sort of monism if anything, in a more pronounced form that Plotinus returns. A Russian translation of this article is published in ΣΧΟΛΗ ΙΙ. 1 (2008) 11-20.

Статья Джона Диллона (Тринити колледж, Дублин) посвящена интересной странице в истории приключения идей. В ней прослеживается путь, проделанный метафизикой платонического толка от «умеренного монизма» Платона и Древней Академии, через дуализм Плутарха и Нумения, к монистической позиции Плотина. Рус. пер. этой статьи см. ΣΧΟΛΗ ΙΙ. 1 (2008) 11-20.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Greek language and literature. Latin language and literature lcsh:PA lcsh:Philosophy (General) lcsh:B1-5802

Subjects

monism, dualism, Old Academy, монизм, дуализм, древняя академия, средний платонизм

Related Organizations

Cherniss H. (1954) “The Sources of Evil According to Plato”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 98

Dillon J. (1984) “Speusippus in Iamblichus”, Phronesis 29, 325-32 (repr. in Dillon 1991)

Dillon J. (1986) “Xenocrates' Metaphysics: Fr. 15 (Heinze) Re-examined”, Ancient Philosophy 5, 47-52 (repr. in Dillon 1991)

Dillon J. (1991) The Golden Chain. Studies in the Development of Platonism and Chrisitanity (Aldershot)

Dillon J. (2000) “Plutarch on God”, D. Frede and A. Laks (eds.), Traditions of Theology: Studies in Hellenistic Theology, its Background and Aftermath (Leiden) 223-238

Dillon J. (2003) The Heirs of Plato. A Study of the Old Academy, 347-274 B.C. (Oxford)

Görgemanns H. (1960) Beiträge zur Interpretation von Platons Nomoi (München)

Merlan P. (1960) From Platonism to Neoplatonism (The Hague)

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