The Tūqmāq and the Ming China: The Tūqmāq and the Chinese Relations during the Ming Period (1394–1456)

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Kenzheakhmet N.;

Objective: Little is known about diplomatic relations between the Jūchīd Ulūs and Ming China (1368–1644), even though some evidence of early tributary trade relations exists. The first extant Chinese account about the country of Salai (Saray) dates to around 1394, when ... View more
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