publication . Article . 2011

Effect of Rhizopus oryzae Fermentation on Kenaf-Based Polylactic Acid’s Monomer

Nur Aimi Mohd Nasir; Mohd Adlan Mustafa Kamalbahrin; Nurhafizah Mohamad; Hazleen Anuar; Maizirwan Mel; and Rashidi Othman;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2011 Journal: IIUM Engineering Journal, volume 12 (issn: 1511-788X, eissn: 2289-7860, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: IIUM Press
Abstract
<p>Kenaf biomass is the potential as raw materials used to produce polylactic acid's monomer which is lactic acid via fermentation by Rhizopus oryzae. Kenaf biomass' structure is complex due to its lignin and cellulose content. This matter had encouraged it to undergo pre- treatment process as the initial step before fermentation process can be done. In this paper, kenaf biomass was treated with dilute sulphuric acid (H2SO4) to hydrolyze the cellulose content in it as well as to convert the cellulose into glucose- a carbon source for Rhizopus to grow. Then, the fermentation process was carried out in shake flask for 3 days at pH 6. Several conditions for ferment...
Subjects
free text keywords: Chemistry, Fermentation, Kenaf, biology.organism_classification, biology, Rhizopus, Hydrolysis, Rhizopus oryzae, Cellulose, chemistry.chemical_compound, Lactic acid, Polylactic acid, Nuclear chemistry, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040
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