Anderson J., O'Dowd, L. (1999), Borders, Border Regions and Territoriality: Contradictory Meanings, Changing Significance, “Regional Studies” 33/7.
Berend T. I. (2009), From the Soviet Bloc to the European Union. The Economic and Social Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe since 1973, University Press, Cambridge.
Blatter K.J. (2001), Debordering the World of States: Towards a Multi-Level System in Europe and a Multi-Polity System in North America? Insights from Border Regions, European Journal of International Relations 7(2), SAGE Publications, 2001, p. 176.
Crouch C., Marquand D. (eds.) (1992), Towards greater Europe? A Continent without an Iron Curtain, Blackwell, Oxford.
Castells M. (1998), End of Millennium, The Information Age: Economy, society and culture, vol. III, Blackwell, Oxford.
Delanty G. (2006), Borders in a Changing Europe: Dynamics of Openness and Closure, “Comparative European Politics” 4 (2/3).
Dinan D. (ed.) (2006), Origis and Evolution of the European Union, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [OpenAIRE]
Gehler M. (2010), At the heart of integration: Understanding National European Policy, [in:] Kaiser W., Varsori A. (eds.), European Union History: Themes and Debates, Palgrave Macmillan, UK. [OpenAIRE]
Geyer M., Bright Ch. (1995), World History in a Global Age, “The American Historical Review” 100/4.
Herrmann R. K., Risse T., Brewer M. B. (eds.) (2004), Transnational Identities: Becoming European in the EU, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Lanham.
Having no internal borders, what is a border for the European Union (EU)? Which criteria does this powerful organization pursue in its decision-making on further expansion: geographical, political, cultural, economic or all of these? What is the profi t of the Union in advancing its external borders to the east? And why to the east and not the south or west across the Atlantic? Does it still mean that there is the reason for enlarging eastward based on the geographical belonging to Europe? This paper discusses the expansion of the European Union to the east with the main focus on its political and economic aspects of integration. The fi rst part includes introduction to the concept of Europe, historic background about the formation of the united Europe in terms of geography, culture, politics and economy, juxtaposing opinions and viewpoints of different experts and political scientists on “what is Europe?” and what are the core issues of its enlargement. The second and third parts are dedicated to the advantages and disadvantages of European Integration for both parties concerned – the EU and the candidate/member state, in the case of the former having its own “demarcation policy” towards certain regions of the continent when it comes to unifi cation. And the fourth part is about the communication and miscommunication of the informative bodies of the European Union that are responsible for public awareness on any process that goes on within the European family. The lack of information results in the ignorance of citizens of European and partner countries, which, of course, refl ects on the further processes of expansion on the political level and cultural perception and mentality on the social level. The conclusion sums up the research, and the bibliography lists the books, articles, monographs and Internet sources used in the course of the study.