publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019

Humans adapt to social diversity over time

Ramos, MR; Bennett, MR; Massey, DS; Hewstone, M;
Open Access English
  • Published: 09 May 2019
  • Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Abstract
Humans have evolved cognitive processes favoring homogeneity, stability, and structure. These processes are, however, incompatible with a socially diverse world, raising wide academic and political concern about the future of modern societies. With data comprising 22 y of religious diversity worldwide, we show across multiple surveys that humans are inclined to react negatively to threats to homogeneity (i.e., changes in diversity are associated with lower self-reported quality of life, explained by a decrease in trust in others) in the short term. However, these negative outcomes are compensated in the long term by the beneficial influence of intergroup contact...
Subjects
free text keywords: Social diversity, Trust, Intergroup contact, Well-being, Health, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Sociais::Sociologia [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Sociais::Ciências Políticas [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Sociais::Geografia Económica e Social [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Sociais::Antropologia [Domínio/Área Científica], Multidisciplinary, Political science, Religious diversity, Politics, Cognition, Globalization, Development economics, Peaceful coexistence, Social Sciences
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
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