Ovarian cancer treatment with a tumor-targeting and gene expression-controllable lipoplex

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He, Zhi-Yao ; Deng, Feng ; Wei, Xia-Wei ; Ma, Cui-Cui ; Luo, Min ; Zhang, Ping ; Sang, Ya-Xiong ; Liang, Xiao ; Liu, Li ; Qin, Han-Xiao ; Shen, Ya-Li ; Liu, Ting ; Liu, Yan-Tong ; Wang, Wei ; Wen, Yan-Jun ; Zhao, Xia ; Zhang, Xiao-Ning ; Qian, Zhi-Yong ; Wei, Yu-Quan (2016)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
  • Journal: Scientific Reports, volume 6 (issn: 2045-2322, eissn: 2045-2322)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1038/srep23764, pmc: PMC4824455
  • Subject: Article

Overexpression of folate receptor alpha (FRα) and high telomerase activity are considered to be the characteristics of ovarian cancers. In this study, we developed FRα-targeted lipoplexes loaded with an hTERT promoter-regulated plasmid that encodes a matrix protein (MP) of the vesicular stomatitis virus, F-LP/pMP(2.5), for application in ovarian cancer treatment. We first characterized the pharmaceutical properties of F-LP/pMP(2.5). The efficient expression of the MP-driven hTERT promoter in SKOV-3 cells was determined after an in-vitro transfection assay, which was significantly increased compared with a non-modified LP/pMP(2.5) group. F-LP/pMP(2.5) treatment significantly inhibited the growth of tumors and extended the survival of mice in a SKOV-3 tumor model compared with other groups. Such an anti-tumor effect was due to the increased expression of MP in tumor tissue, which led to the induction of tumor cell apoptosis, inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and suppression of tumor angiogenesis. Furthermore, a preliminary safety evaluation demonstrated a good safety profile of F-LP/pMP(2.5) as a gene therapy agent. Therefore, FRα-targeted lipoplexes with therapeutic gene expression regulated by an hTERT promoter might be a promising gene therapy agent and a potential translational candidate for the clinical treatment of ovarian cancer.
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