New developments in cognitive behavioral therapy as the first-line treatment of insomnia

Review, Article English OPEN
Siebern, Allison T ; Manber, Rachel (2011)
  • Publisher: Dove Medical Press
  • Journal: Psychology research and behavior management, volume 4, pages 21-28 (issn: 1179-1578, eissn: 1179-1578)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC3218784, doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S10041
  • Subject: Industrial psychology | Psychology | Psychology Research and Behavior Management | HF5548.7-5548.85 | Review | BF1-990 | nonpharmacological treatment | CBTI | insomnia
    mesheuropmc: nervous system diseases | mental disorders

Allison T Siebern, Rachel ManberSleep Medicine Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, California, USAAbstract: Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. Psychological, behavioral, and biological factors are implicated in the development and maintenance of insomnia as a disorder, although the etiology of insomnia remains under investigation, as it is still not fully understood. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is a treatment for insomnia that is grounded in the science of behavior change, psychological theories, and the science of sleep. There is strong empirical evidence that CBTI is effective. Recognition of CBTI as the first-line treatment for chronic insomnia (National Institutes of Health consensus, British Medical Association) was based largely on evidence of its efficacy in primary insomnia. The aim of this article is to provide background information and review recent developments in CBTI, focusing on three domains: promising data on the use of CBTI when insomnia is experienced in the presence of comorbid conditions, new data on the use of CBTI as maintenance therapy, and emerging data on the delivery of CBTI through the use of technology and in primary care settings.Keywords: insomnia, CBTI, nonpharmacological treatment
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