Chronic Functional Constipation and Encopresis in Children in Relationship with the Psychosocial Environment

Article English OPEN
Claudia Olaru ; Smaranda Diaconescu ; Laura Trandafir ; Nicoleta Gimiga ; Radian A. Olaru ; Gabriela Stefanescu ; Gabriela Ciubotariu ; Marin Burlea ; Magdalena Iorga (2016)
  • Publisher: Hindawi Limited
  • Journal: Gastroenterology Research and Practice, volume 2,016 (issn: 1687-6121, eissn: 1687-630X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1155/2016/7828576, pmc: PMC5136637
  • Subject: Diseases of the digestive system. Gastroenterology | Research Article | RC799-869 | Article Subject

Functional constipation is an issue for both the patient and his/her family, affecting the patient's psychoemotional balance, social relations, and their harmonious integration in the school environment. We aimed to highlight the connection between chronic constipation and encopresis and the patient's psychosocial and family-related situation. Material and Method. 57 patients with ages spanning from 6 to 15 were assessed within the pediatric gastroenterology ward. Sociodemographic, medical, and psychological data was recorded. The collected data was processed using the SPSS 20 software. Results. The study group consisted of 57 children diagnosed with encopresis (43 boys (75.44%) and 14 girls (24.56%)), M = 10.82 years. It was determined that most of the children came from urban families with a poor socioeducational status. We identified a level of studies of 11.23 ± 5.56 years in mothers, while fathers had an average number of 9.35 ± 4.53 years of study. We also found a complex relationship between encopretic episodes and school performances (F = 7.968, p = 0.001, 95% Cl). Children with encopresis were found to have more anxiety/depression symptoms, greater social problems, more disruptive behavior, and poorer school performance. Conclusions. The study highlights the importance of the family environment and socioeconomic factors in manifestations of chronic constipation and encopresis.
Share - Bookmark