“Friday off”: Reducing Working Hours in Europe

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Giorgos Kallis; Michael Kalush; Hugh O.'Flynn; Jack Rossiter; Nicholas Ashford;
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
  • Journal: Sustainability,volume 5,issue 4 4,pages1-23 (issn: 2071-1050)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/su5041545
  • Subject: TD194-195 | Renewable energy sources | binary economics | 4-day workweek | working hours; Europe; 4-day workweek; environmental sustainability; quality of life; productivity; productiveness; unemployment; binary economics | TJ807-830 | environmental sustainability | productivity | working hours | GE1-350 | unemployment | productiveness | Environmental sciences | quality of life | Environmental effects of industries and plants | Europe
    • jel: jel:Q2 | jel:Q3 | jel:Q0 | jel:Q | jel:Q5 | jel:Q56 | jel:O13

This article explores the pros and cons for reducing working hours in Europe. To arrive to an informed judgment we review critically the theoretical and empirical literature, mostly from economics, concerning the relation between working hours on the one hand, and produ... View more
  • References (63)
    63 references, page 1 of 7

    1. Friedlingstein, P.; Houghton, R.A.; Marland, G.; Hackler, J.; Boden, T.A.; Conway, T.J.; Canadell, J.G.; Raupach, M.R.; Ciais, P.; Le Quéré, C. Update on CO2 emissions. Nat. Geosci. 2010, 3, 811-812.

    2. Jackson, T. Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet; Routledge: London, UK, 2012.

    3. Victor, P.A. Growth, degrowth and climate change: A scenario analysis. Ecol. Econ. 2012, 84, 206-212.

    4. Ashford, N.; Hall, R.P.; Ashford, R. The crisis in unemployment and consumer demand: Reconciliation with environmental sustainability. Environ. Innov. Soc. Trans. 2012, 2, 1-22.

    5. Victor, P. Questioning economic growth. Nature 2010, 468, 370-371.

    6. Coote, A.; Franklin, J.; Simms, A. 21 Hours; NEF, The New Economics Foundation: London, UK, 2011.

    7. Ashford, R.; Hall, R.P.; Ashford, N.A. Broadening capital acquisition with the earnings of capital as a means of sustainable growth and environmental sustainability. Eur. Financ. Rev. 2012, OctoberNovember, 70-74.

    8. As used in this article, ―capital‖ includes land, animals, structures, and machines - anything capable of being owned and employed in production. It does not include ―financial capital,‖ which is a claim on, or ownership interest in, real capital.

    9. Kelly, M. Owning Our Future: The Emerging Ownership Revolution; Barrett-Koehler: San Francisco, CA, USA, 2012.

    10. Rosen, C.; Case, J.; Staubus, M. Equity: Why Employee Ownership Is Good for America; Harvard Business Review Press: Cambridge, MA, USA, 2005.

  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark