Subject: Cybernetics | Computer science, knowledge & systems | RuNet | Commerce, communications & transportation | Internet Policy | Russia | Social Sciences | Q350-390 | Q300-390 | Information theory | Internet governance
ddc: ddc:380 | ddc:000 | ddc:340 | ddc:300
As international politics' developments heavily weigh on Russia's domestic politics, the internet is placed on top of the list of "threats" that the government must tackle, through an avalanche of legislations aiming at gradually isolating the Russian internet from the ... View more
2015. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/01/russia-internet-privacy-laws-control-web
5. Alexandra Kulikova, December 2014.
6. Data extracted from <internetlivestats.com> as of 1 October 2015. In 2014 Russia had the sixth internet population in the world. The author wish to point out that the Russian Association of Electronic Communications (RAEC) indicates an internet penetration rate of 68,7 percent people in Russia in 2014.
7. Data provided to the author by the Russian Association of Electronic Communications.
8. In 2013 the internet economy accounted for 1,6 percent of Russia s GDP, according to a joint study by RAEC and Moscow s Higher School of EconomicsE(konomika Runeta 2013-2014), available at: <http://M:>=><8:0@C=5B0.@D/2014/>. A 2012 report by the Boston Consulting Group estimated at 1,9 percent the contribution of the internet economy to the Russian GDP in 2010, and predicted then this figure would amount for 2,8 percent in 2016. See David Dean, et. alii., The Connected World. The $4.2 Trillion Opportunity: The Internet Economy in the G-20, BCG, March 2012, pp. 38-39.
9. See David Cadier and Margot Light (eds.), Russia s Foreign Policy: Ideas, Domestic Politics and External Relations, Basingstoke: Palgrave Mcmillan, 2015.
11. Julien Nocetti, Contest and conquest: Russia and global internet governance In,ternational Affairs, Vol.91, No.1, pp.111-30.
12. See BruceEtling, et.al., Public Discourse in the Russian Blogosphere: Mapping RuNet Politics and Mobilization , Harvard University, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, October2010; and JohnMachleder, GrigoryAsmolov, Social Change and the Russian Network Society, Internews, August2011.
13. For a comprehensive analysis of early restrictive legislations over the internet in Russia, see Marcus Alexander, The Internet and Democratization: The Development of Russian Internet Policy D,emokratizatsiya, 12:4, 2004.
14. Julien Nocetti, Russie : le web réinvente-t-il la politique ? P,olitique étrangère, Vol.77, No. 2, summer 2012, pp.277 89.