Fabrication and characterization of novel multilayered structures by stereocomplexion of poly(D-lactic acid)/poly(L-lactic acid) and self-assembly of polyelectrolytes

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Dellacasa, Elena ; Zhao, Li ; Yang, Gesheng ; Pastorino, Laura ; Sukhorukov, Gleb B (2016)
  • Publisher: Beilstein-Institut
  • Journal: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, volume 7, pages 81-90 (issn: 2190-4286, eissn: 2190-4286)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3762/bjnano.7.10, pmc: PMC4734428
  • Subject: biocompatibility | TP1-1185 | Nanoscience | stereocomplex | Technology | poly(lactic acids) | Q | Full Research Paper | T | Science | Physics | Nanotechnology | microcapsules | layer-by-layer assembly | Chemical technology | QC1-999
    mesheuropmc: technology, industry, and agriculture

Summary The enantiomers poly(D-lactic acid) (PDLA) and poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) were alternately adsorbed directly on calcium carbonate (CaCO3) templates and on poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) multilayer precursors in order to fabricate a novel layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly. A single layer of poly(L-lysine) (PLL) was used as a linker between the (PDLA/PLLA)n stereocomplex and the cores with and without the polymeric (PSS/PAH)n/PLL multilayer precursor (PEM). Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) were used to characterize the chemical composition and molecular weight of poly(lactic acid) polymers. Both multilayer structures, with and without polymeric precursor, were firstly fabricated and characterized on planar supports. A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and ellipsometry were used to evaluate the thickness and mass of the multilayers. Then, hollow, spherical microcapsules were obtained by the removal of the CaCO3 sacrificial template. The chemical composition of the obtained microcapsules was confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide X-ray diffraction (WXRD) analyses. The microcapsule morphology was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. The experimental results confirm the successful fabrication of this innovative system, and its full biocompatibility makes it worthy of further characterization as a promising drug carrier for sustained release.
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