Persia under Mongol domination. The effectiveness and and failings of a dual administrative system

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Aigle, Denise;
  • Publisher: Institut Français du Proche-Orient (IFPO)
  • Subject: Mongols | Gengis Khan | Bilâd al-Shâm | administration | Ilkhans | Hülegü | [SHS.HIST]Humanities and Social Sciences/History

International audience; This paper points out the break of the traditionnal administrative patterns from dure Gret' Khans period to the fall of the Persian Ilkhanate in 1355. Previously, financial and secretarial offices had been handed down, to generation, in establish... View more
  • References (20)
    20 references, page 1 of 2

    4. On the Mongol studies, see David Morgan, “The Mongol Empire: A Review Article”, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 14 (1981): 121-125; idem The Mongols (Oxford: Blackwall, 1986): 5-31 and Peter Jackson, “The Mongol Empire, 1986-1999”, Journal of Medieval History 26/2 (2002): 189-210.

    5. 'Afl®' Malik al-Juvayn¬, T®r¬kh-i Jah®ngush®, ed. MuΩammad Qazv¬n¬ (Leiden-Londres, 2 vol., 1912), 1: 62; English translation John Andrew Boyle, The History of the World Conqueror (Manchester, 2 vol., 1958): 1: 80-81.

    6. On these events, see Paul Buell, “Early Mongol expansion in Western Siberia and Turkestan (1207-1219)”, Central Asiatic Journal 36 (1992): 1-32.

    9. On Mongol society, see Boris Vladimirtsov, Le régime social des Mongols. Le féodalisme nomade (Paris: Adrien Maisonneuve, 1948); David Morgan, The Mongols: 32-54; Joseph F. Fletcher, “The Mongols: Ecological and Social Perspectives”, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 46/1 (1986): 1-35.

    10. On the Kitan, see Herbert Franke, “The forest peoples of Manchuria: Kitans and Jurchens”, in The Cambridge History of the Early Inner Asia, ed. Denis Sinor (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990): 400-423; on the Uighurs, see Colin Mackerras, “The Uighurs”, in ibidem: 317-342.

    11. Igor de Rachewiltz, “Some Remarks on the Dating of The Secret History of the Mongols”, Monumenta Serica XXIV (1965): 185-205; William Hung, “The Transmission of the Book Known as The Secret History of the Mongols”, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 14 (1951): 433-492.

    12. Sigi-Quduqu was an abandoned Tatar child, he was adopted as a brother of Genghis Khan. On his role in the Mongol empire, see Paul Ratchnevsky, “Sigi-Qutuqu, ein mongolische Gefolgsmann im 12.-13. Jahrhundert”, Central Asiatic Journal X/2 (1965): 87-120.

    13. On the Mongol terms 'yeke yarghuchi' (Persian, yarghuch¬-yi buzurg; Chinese, ta-tuan-shih-kuan), see The Secret History of the Mongols. A Mongolian Epic Chronicle of the Thirteenth Century, translated with a Historical and Philological Commentary by Igor de Rachewiltz, 2 vol. (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2004), 1: xxxvii; 2: 767, 771 14. On qubi, see Thomas T. Allsen, “Sharing out the Empire: Apportioned Lands under the Mongols”, in Nomads in the Sedentary World, ed. Anatoly M. Kazanov & André Wink (Curzon: Curzon-IIAS Asian Studies Series, 2001): 172-190.

    19. From a silver coin striked toward 1244-1245, see George Lane, “Arghun Aqa: Mongol Bureaucrat”, Iranian Studies 32/4 (1999): 461. The title ulugh manqul ulus bek is Turkish equivalent for Mongol title: yeke monggol ulus noyan. On Arghun Aqa, see also Peter Jackson, “Argun Aqa”, Encyclopaedia Iranica, 2: 401-402.

    20. On Menggeser's career see Thomas T. Allsen, Mongol Imperialism: 93-94.

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