Fractional Solitons in Excitonic Josephson Junctions

Article English OPEN
Hsu, Ya-Fen ; Su, Jung-Jung (2015)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
  • Journal: Scientific Reports, volume 5 (issn: 2045-2322, eissn: 2045-2322)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1038/srep15796, pmc: PMC4625147
  • Subject: Article
    arxiv: Condensed Matter::Quantum Gases | Condensed Matter::Superconductivity | Condensed Matter::Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect | Condensed Matter::Other

The Josephson effect is especially appealing to physicists because it reveals macroscopically the quantum order and phase. In excitonic bilayers the effect is even subtler due to the counterflow of supercurrent as well as the tunneling between layers (interlayer tunneling). Here we study, in a quantum Hall bilayer, the excitonic Josephson junction: a conjunct of two exciton condensates with a relative phase ϕ0 applied. The system is mapped into a pseudospin ferromagnet then described numerically by the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. In the presence of interlayer tunneling, we identify a family of fractional sine-Gordon solitons which resemble the static fractional Josephson vortices in the extended superconducting Josephson junctions. Each fractional soliton carries a topological charge Q that is not necessarily a half/full integer but can vary continuously. The calculated current-phase relation (CPR) shows that solitons with Q = ϕ0/2π is the lowest energy state starting from zero ϕ0 – until ϕ0 > π – then the alternative group of solitons with Q = ϕ0/2π − 1 takes place and switches the polarity of CPR.
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