Electronic structure of graphene beyond the linear dispersion regime
Atomic, molecular and chemical physics | Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics | Nanoscience & Materials | graphene
Among the many interesting features displayed by graphene, one of the most attractive is the simplicity with which its electronic structure can be described. The study of its physical properties is significantly simplified by the linear dispersion relation of electrons in a narrow range around the Fermi level. Unfortunately, the mathematical simplicity of graphene electrons is limited only to this narrow energy region and is not very practical when dealing with problems that involve energies outside the linear dispersion part of the spectrum. In this communication we remedy this limitation by deriving a set of closed-form analytical expressions for the real-space single-electron Green function of graphene which is valid across a large fraction of the energy spectrum. By extending to a wider energy range the simplicity with which graphene electrons are described, it is now possible to derive more mathematically transparent and insightful expressions for a number of physical properties that involve higher energy scales. The power of this new formalism is illustrated in the case of the magnetic (RKKY) interaction in graphene.