publication . Article . 2015

Influence of Seeding Ratio, Planting Date, and Termination Date on Rye-Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Mixture Performance under Organic Management

Andrew Lawson; Craig Cogger; Andy Bary; Ann-Marie Fortuna;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015 Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 10, issue 6 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
Abstract
Cover crop benefits include nitrogen accumulation and retention, weed suppression, organic matter maintenance, and reduced erosion. Organic farmers need region-specific information on winter cover crop performance to effectively integrate cover crops into their crop rotations. Our research objective was to compare cover crop seeding mixtures, planting dates, and termination dates on performance of rye (Secale cereale L.) and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) monocultures and mixtures in the maritime Pacific Northwest USA. The study included four seed mixtures (100% hairy vetch, 25% rye-75% hairy vetch, 50% rye-50% hairy vetch, and 100% rye by seed weight), two pl...
Subjects
free text keywords: Q, R, Research Article, Science, Medicine
35 references, page 1 of 3

1 Brandi-Dohrn FM, Dick RP, Hess M, Kauffman SM, Hemphill DD, Selker JS. Nitrate leaching under a cereal rye cover crop. J Environ Qual. 1997;26: 181–188.

2 Kuo S, Sainju UM, Jellum EJ. Winter cover cropping influence on nitrogen in soil. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 1997;61: 1392–1399.

3 Cline GR, Silvernail AF. Effects of cover crops, nitrogen, and tillage on sweet corn. HortTechnology 2002;12: 118–125.

4 Fortuna A, Blevins RL, Frye WW, Grove J, Cornelius P. Sustaining soil quality with legumes in no-tillage systems. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 2008;39: 1680–1699.

5 Sainju UM, Singh BP, Whitehead WF. Cove r crops and nitrogen fertilization effects on soil carbon and nitrogen and tomato yield. Can J Soil Sci. 2000;80: 523–532.

6 Vaughan JD, Hoyt GD, Wollum AG. Cover crop nitrogen availability to conventional and no-till corn: Soil mineral nitrogen, corn nitrogen status, and corn yield. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 2000;31: 1017–1041.

7 Ranells NN, Wagger MG. Grass-legume bicultures as winter annual cover crops. Agron J. 1997;89: 659–665.

8 Sainju UM, Whitehead WF, Singh BP. Biculture legume-cereal cover crops for enhanced biomass yield and carbon and nitrogen. Agron J. 2005;97: 1403–1412.

9 Odhiambo JJO, Bomke AA. Grass and legume cover crop effects on dry matter and nitrogen accumulation. Agron J. 2001;93: 299–307.

10 Lawson A, Fortuna A, Cogger CG, Bary AI, Stubbs T. Nitrogen contribution of rye-hairy vetch cover crop blends to organically grown sweet corn. Renew Agr Food Syst. 2012 doi: 10.1017/S1742170512000014

11 Holderbaum JF, Decker AM, Meisinger JJ, Mulford FR, Vough LR. Fall-seeded legume cover crops for no-tillage corn in the humid east. Agron J. 1990;82: 117–124.

12 Kuo S, Jellum EJ. Long-term winter cover cropping effects on corn (Zea mays L.) production and soil nitrogen availability. Biol Fert Soils 2000;31: 470–477.

13 Clark AJ, Decker AM, Meisinger JJ, McIntosh M. Kill date of vetch, rye, and a vetch-rye mixture. 1. Cover crop and corn nitrogen. Agron J. 1997;89: 427–434.

14 Thorup-Kristensen K, Dresboll DB. Incorporation time of nitrogen catch crop influences the N effect of the succeeding crop. Soil Use Manage. 2010;26: 27–35. [OpenAIRE]

15 Alonso-Ayuso M, Gabriel JL, Quemada M. The kill date as a management tool for cover cropping success. PLoS ONE 2014;9(10): e109587 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109587 25296333 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

35 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
Cover crop benefits include nitrogen accumulation and retention, weed suppression, organic matter maintenance, and reduced erosion. Organic farmers need region-specific information on winter cover crop performance to effectively integrate cover crops into their crop rotations. Our research objective was to compare cover crop seeding mixtures, planting dates, and termination dates on performance of rye (Secale cereale L.) and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) monocultures and mixtures in the maritime Pacific Northwest USA. The study included four seed mixtures (100% hairy vetch, 25% rye-75% hairy vetch, 50% rye-50% hairy vetch, and 100% rye by seed weight), two pl...
Subjects
free text keywords: Q, R, Research Article, Science, Medicine
35 references, page 1 of 3

1 Brandi-Dohrn FM, Dick RP, Hess M, Kauffman SM, Hemphill DD, Selker JS. Nitrate leaching under a cereal rye cover crop. J Environ Qual. 1997;26: 181–188.

2 Kuo S, Sainju UM, Jellum EJ. Winter cover cropping influence on nitrogen in soil. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 1997;61: 1392–1399.

3 Cline GR, Silvernail AF. Effects of cover crops, nitrogen, and tillage on sweet corn. HortTechnology 2002;12: 118–125.

4 Fortuna A, Blevins RL, Frye WW, Grove J, Cornelius P. Sustaining soil quality with legumes in no-tillage systems. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 2008;39: 1680–1699.

5 Sainju UM, Singh BP, Whitehead WF. Cove r crops and nitrogen fertilization effects on soil carbon and nitrogen and tomato yield. Can J Soil Sci. 2000;80: 523–532.

6 Vaughan JD, Hoyt GD, Wollum AG. Cover crop nitrogen availability to conventional and no-till corn: Soil mineral nitrogen, corn nitrogen status, and corn yield. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 2000;31: 1017–1041.

7 Ranells NN, Wagger MG. Grass-legume bicultures as winter annual cover crops. Agron J. 1997;89: 659–665.

8 Sainju UM, Whitehead WF, Singh BP. Biculture legume-cereal cover crops for enhanced biomass yield and carbon and nitrogen. Agron J. 2005;97: 1403–1412.

9 Odhiambo JJO, Bomke AA. Grass and legume cover crop effects on dry matter and nitrogen accumulation. Agron J. 2001;93: 299–307.

10 Lawson A, Fortuna A, Cogger CG, Bary AI, Stubbs T. Nitrogen contribution of rye-hairy vetch cover crop blends to organically grown sweet corn. Renew Agr Food Syst. 2012 doi: 10.1017/S1742170512000014

11 Holderbaum JF, Decker AM, Meisinger JJ, Mulford FR, Vough LR. Fall-seeded legume cover crops for no-tillage corn in the humid east. Agron J. 1990;82: 117–124.

12 Kuo S, Jellum EJ. Long-term winter cover cropping effects on corn (Zea mays L.) production and soil nitrogen availability. Biol Fert Soils 2000;31: 470–477.

13 Clark AJ, Decker AM, Meisinger JJ, McIntosh M. Kill date of vetch, rye, and a vetch-rye mixture. 1. Cover crop and corn nitrogen. Agron J. 1997;89: 427–434.

14 Thorup-Kristensen K, Dresboll DB. Incorporation time of nitrogen catch crop influences the N effect of the succeeding crop. Soil Use Manage. 2010;26: 27–35. [OpenAIRE]

15 Alonso-Ayuso M, Gabriel JL, Quemada M. The kill date as a management tool for cover cropping success. PLoS ONE 2014;9(10): e109587 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109587 25296333 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

35 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2015

Influence of Seeding Ratio, Planting Date, and Termination Date on Rye-Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Mixture Performance under Organic Management

Andrew Lawson; Craig Cogger; Andy Bary; Ann-Marie Fortuna;