Dielectric and Radiative Properties of Sea Foam at Microwave Frequencies: Conceptual Understanding of Foam Emissivity

Other literature type, Article English OPEN
Peter W. Gaiser; Magdalena D. Anguelova;
  • Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
  • Journal: Remote Sensing (issn: 2072-4292)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/rs4051162
  • Subject: passive remote sensing | whitecaps | whitecap fraction | foam dielectric properties | foam fraction | dielectric constant | Q | sea foam | Science | foam permittivity
    arxiv: Condensed Matter::Soft Condensed Matter | Physics::General Physics | Physics::Computational Physics

Foam fraction can be retrieved from space-based microwave radiometric data at frequencies from 1 to 37 GHz. The retrievals require modeling of ocean surface emissivity fully covered with sea foam. To model foam emissivity well, knowledge of foam properties, both mechani... View more
  • References (63)
    63 references, page 1 of 7

    1. Gemmrich, J.R.; Banner, M.L.; Garrett, C. Spectrally resolved energy dissipation rate and momentum flux of breaking waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2008, 38, 1296-1312.

    2. Andreas, E.L.; Persson, P.O.G.; Hare, J.E. A bulk turbulent air-sea flux algorithm for high-wind, spray conditions. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2008, 38, 1581-1596.

    3. Wanninkhof, R.; Asher, W.; Ho, D.; Sweeney, C.; McGillis, W. Advances in quantifying air-sea gas exchange and environmental forcing. Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 2009, 1, 213-244.

    4. de Leeuw, G.; Andreas, E.L.; Anguelova, M.D.; Fairall, C.W.; Lewis, E.R.; O'Dowd, C.; Schulz, M.; Schwartz, S.E. Production flux of sea spray aerosol. Rev. Geophys. 2011, 49, doi:10.1029/2010RG000349.

    5. Gordon, H.; Wang, M. Influence of oceanic whitecaps on atmospheric correction of ocean-color sensors. Appl. Opt. 1994, 33, 7754-7763.

    6. Padmanabhan, S.; Reising, S.C.; Asher, W.E.; Rose, L.A.; Gaiser, P.W. Effects of foam on ocean surface microwave emission inferred from radiometric observations of reproducible breaking waves. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 2006, 44, 569-583.

    7. Deane, G.B. Sound generation and air entrainment by breaking waves in the surf zone. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 1997, 102, 2671-2689.

    8. Goddijn-Murphy, L.; Woolf, D.K.; Callaghan, A.H. Parameterizations and algorithms for oceanic whitecap coverage. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2011, 41, 742-756.

    9 Piazzola, J.; Forget, P.; Lafon, C.S.; Despiau, S. Spatial variation of sea-spray fluxes over a Mediterranean coastal zone using a sea state model. Bound.-Lay. Meteorol. 2009, 132, 167-183.

    10. Sugihara, Y.; Tsumori, H.; Ohga, T.; Yoshioka, H.; Serizawa, S. Variation of whitecap coverage with wave‐field conditions. J. Mar. Syst. 2007, 66, 47-60.

  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark