Nano-technology and nano-toxicology

Article English OPEN
Maynard, Robert L. (2012)
  • Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
  • Journal: Emerging Health Threats Journal, volume 5 (issn: 2001-1350, eissn: 1752-8550)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC3365440, doi: 10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.17508
  • Subject: nano-toxicology | nano-particle(s) | Original Research Article | nano-technology | empowerment; evaluation; Policy Empowerment Index; South Africa; traditional medicine

Rapid developments in nano-technology are likely to confer significant benefits on mankind. But, as with perhaps all new technologies, these benefits are likely to be accompanied by risks, perhaps by new risks. Nano-toxicology is developing in parallel with nano-technology and seeks to define the hazards and risks associated with nano-materials: only when risks have been identified they can be controlled. This article discusses the reasons for concern about the potential effects on health of exposure to nano-materials and relates these to the evidence of the effects on health of the ambient aerosol. A number of hypotheses are proposed and the dangers of adopting unsubstantiated hypotheses are stressed. Nano-toxicology presents many challenges and will need substantial financial support if it is to develop at a rate sufficient to cope with developments in nano-technology.Keywords: nano-technology; nano-toxicology; nano-particle(s)(Published: 29 May 2012)Citation: Emerg Health Threats J 2012, 5: 17508 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.17508
  • References (46)
    46 references, page 1 of 5

    1. Robinson KS. Red Mars. Harper Collins 1992; Green Mars. Harper Collins 1992; Blue Mars. Harper Collins 1996 (Voyager imprint).

    2. McDevitt MR, Chattopadhyay D, Kappel BJ, Jagghi JS, Schiffman SR, Antczak C, et al. Tumor targeting with antibody-functionalized radiolabeled caron nanotubes. J Nucl Med. 2007;48:1180 9.

    3. Longmire M, Choyke PL, Kobayashi H. Clearance properties of nano-sized particles and molecules as imaging agents: considerations and caveats. Nanomedicine. 2008;3:703 17.

    4. Monteiro-Riviere Nancy A, Tran CL. Nanotoxicology, characterization, dosing and health effects. New York and London: Informa Healthcare; 2007.

    5. Cassee FR, Mills NL, Newby DE. Cardiovascular effects of inhaled ultrafine and nano-sized particles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons Inc.; 2011.

    6. Brown LM, Collings N, Harrison RM, Maynard AD, Maynard RL. Ultrafine particles in the atmosphere. London: Imperial College Press; 2003. (first published by The Royal Society, 2000)

    7. International Council of Nanotechnology. Towards predicting nano-biointeractions, Number 4; 2008 May 1, Houston, USA: International Council on Nanotechnology.

    8. The Royal Society. Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: opportunities and uncertainties. London: The Royal Society; 2004.

    9. Borm PJA, Robbins D, Haubold S, Kuhlbusch T, Fissan H, Donaldson K, et al. The potential risks of nanomaterials: a review carried out for ECETOC. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2006; 3:11. Available from: http://www.particleandfibretoxicology. com/content/3/1/11.

    10. Maynard AD. Nanotechnology: the next big thing or much ado about nothing? Ann Occup Hyg. 2007;51:1 12.

  • Similar Research Results (1)
  • Metrics
    1
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    0
    downloads in local repository
Share - Bookmark