Aromatic Medicinal Plants of the Lamiaceae Family from Uzbekistan: Ethnopharmacology, Essential Oils Composition, and Biological Activities

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Mamadalieva, Nilufar Z. ; Akramov, Davlat Kh. ; Ovidi, Elisa ; Tiezzi, Antonio ; Nahar, Lutfun ; Azimova, Shahnoz S. ; Sarker, Satyajit D. (2017)
  • Publisher: MDPI
  • Journal: Medicines, volume 4, issue 1 (issn: 2305-6320, eissn: 2305-6320)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/medicines4010008, pmc: PMC5597069
  • Subject: R | RV | traditional use | Review | aromatic plants | Medicine | RM | Lamiaceae | essential oils | Uzbekistan

Plants of the Lamiaceae family are important ornamental, medicinal, and aromatic plants, many of which produce essential oils that are used in traditional and modern medicine, and in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. Various species of the genera Hyssopus, Leonurus, Mentha, Nepeta, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Salvia, Scutellaria, and Ziziphora are widespread throughout the world, are the most popular plants in Uzbek traditional remedies, and are often used for the treatment of wounds, gastritis, infections, dermatitis, bronchitis, and inflammation. Extensive studies of the chemical components of these plants have led to the identification of many compounds, as well as essentials oils, with medicinal and other commercial values. The purpose of this review is to provide a critical overview of the literature surrounding the traditional uses, ethnopharmacology, biological activities, and essential oils composition of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, from the Uzbek flora.
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