A Study on Logistics Cluster Competitiveness among Asia Main Countries using the Porter's Diamond Model
Tae Won Chung
- Publisher: Elsevier
Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics,
Analytic Hierarchy Process | Shipment of goods. Delivery of goods | Porter's Diamond Model | Assessment Criteria | HF5761-5780 | Logistics Cluster Competitiveness
Measurement and discussions of logistics cluster competitiveness with a national approach are required to boost agglomeration effects and potentially create logistics efficiency and productivity. This study developed assessment criteria of logistics cluster competitiveness based on Porter's diamond model, calculated the weight of each criterion by the AHP method, and finally evaluated and discussed logistics cluster competitiveness among Asia main countries. The results indicate that there was a large difference in logistics cluster competitiveness among six countries. The logistics cluster competitiveness scores of Singapore (7.93), Japan (7.38), and Hong Kong (7.04) are observably different from those of China (5.40), Korea (5.08), and Malaysia (3.46). Singapore, with the highest competitiveness score, revealed its absolute advantage in logistics cluster indices. These research results intend to provide logistics policy makers with some strategic recommendations, and may serve as a baseline for further logistics cluster studies using Porter's diamond model.