publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Out of DSM: Depathologizing Homosexuality

Drescher, Jack;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Dec 2015 Journal: Behavioral Sciences, volume 5, issue 4, pages 565-575 (issn: 2076-328X, eissn: 2076-328X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) removed the diagnosis of “homosexuality” from the second edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). This resulted after comparing competing theories, those that pathologized homosexuality and those that viewed it as normal. In an effort to explain how that decision came about, this paper reviews some historical scientific theories and arguments that first led to the placement of homosexuality in DSM-I and DSM-II as well as alternative theories that eventually led to its removal from DSM III and subsequent editions of the manual. The paper concludes with a discussion of the sociocultural aftermath o...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: behavioral disciplines and activitiesmental disorders
free text keywords: homosexuality, gender beliefs, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), Psychology, gender binaries, BF1-990, diagnosis, American Psychiatric Association (APA), psychiatry, Article
65 references, page 1 of 5

1. Bayer, R. Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis; Basic Books: New York, NY, USA, 1981.

2. Drescher, J.; Merlino, J.P.; Eds. American Psychiatry and Homosexuality: An Oral History; Routledge: New York, NY, USA, 2007.

3. Drescher, J. An interview with Robert L. Spitzer, MD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2003, 7, 97-111.

4. Drescher, J. An interview with Lawrence Hartmann, MD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2006, 10, 123-137.

5. Rosario, V.A. An interview with Judd Marmor, MD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2003, 7, 23-34.

6. Sbordone, A.J. An interview with Charles Silverstein, PhD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2003, 7, 49-61.

7. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC, USA, 1952.

8. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2nd ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1968.

9. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1980.

10. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed. revised; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1987.

11. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1994.

12. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. text revision; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 2000.

13. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 2013.

14. Drescher, J. Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man; Routledge: New York, NY, USA; London, UK, 1998.

15. Drescher, J. Causes and becauses: On etiological theories of homosexuality. Annu. Psychoanal. 2002, 30, 57-68.

65 references, page 1 of 5
Similar Outcomes
Abstract
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) removed the diagnosis of “homosexuality” from the second edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). This resulted after comparing competing theories, those that pathologized homosexuality and those that viewed it as normal. In an effort to explain how that decision came about, this paper reviews some historical scientific theories and arguments that first led to the placement of homosexuality in DSM-I and DSM-II as well as alternative theories that eventually led to its removal from DSM III and subsequent editions of the manual. The paper concludes with a discussion of the sociocultural aftermath o...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: behavioral disciplines and activitiesmental disorders
free text keywords: homosexuality, gender beliefs, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), Psychology, gender binaries, BF1-990, diagnosis, American Psychiatric Association (APA), psychiatry, Article
65 references, page 1 of 5

1. Bayer, R. Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis; Basic Books: New York, NY, USA, 1981.

2. Drescher, J.; Merlino, J.P.; Eds. American Psychiatry and Homosexuality: An Oral History; Routledge: New York, NY, USA, 2007.

3. Drescher, J. An interview with Robert L. Spitzer, MD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2003, 7, 97-111.

4. Drescher, J. An interview with Lawrence Hartmann, MD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2006, 10, 123-137.

5. Rosario, V.A. An interview with Judd Marmor, MD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2003, 7, 23-34.

6. Sbordone, A.J. An interview with Charles Silverstein, PhD. J. Gay Lesb. Psychother. 2003, 7, 49-61.

7. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC, USA, 1952.

8. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2nd ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1968.

9. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1980.

10. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed. revised; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1987.

11. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 1994.

12. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. text revision; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 2000.

13. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.; American Psychiatric Press: Washington, DC, USA, 2013.

14. Drescher, J. Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man; Routledge: New York, NY, USA; London, UK, 1998.

15. Drescher, J. Causes and becauses: On etiological theories of homosexuality. Annu. Psychoanal. 2002, 30, 57-68.

65 references, page 1 of 5
Similar Outcomes
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Out of DSM: Depathologizing Homosexuality

Drescher, Jack;