• shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
auto_awesome_motion View all 1 versions
Publication . Article . 2010

The aetiology of infectious intestinal disease in the community in Malta

Gauci, C.; Gilles, H.; Mamo, J.; Ruggieri, F. -M; Ilaria Di Bartolo; Barbara, C.; Cuschieri, L.;
Open Access  
Published: 01 Jan 2010
Country: Malta
Routine sources of data provide limited information on aetiological agents causing infectious intestinal disease (IID) in the community. A retrospective, age-stratified, cross-sectional, telephone study at community level was performed whereby identified cases were asked to submit stools for analysis. Of a total of 3504 persons who participated, 99 respondents were suffering from IID. Of these, 37.4% (n=37) cases submitted stools for analysis. These samples were analysed for bacteria (Salmonella, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, Shigella), protozoa and viruses (rotavirus, norovirus). Salmonella goldcoast was identified in 2.7% (n=1 of 37 tested) of cases, rotavirus in 10% (n=3 of 30 tested) of cases and norovirus in 20% (n=6 of 30 tested) of cases. This study describes norovirus being the commonest aetiological cause of IID in the community of Malta, which along with the data from the national surveillance system is of value in planning policies for the control of infectious intestinal disease.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: fluids and secretions


Intestines -- Diseases -- Etiology, Intestines -- Diseases -- Malta, Communicable diseases -- Malta, Communicable diseases -- Surveillance

Related Organizations
Download fromView all 2 sources
Article . 2010
Providers: OAR@UM