The effects of different physical activities on atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertension and chronic kidney disease

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Kiuchi, Márcio Galindo ; Chen, Shaojie ; Hoye, Neil Alexander (2017)
  • Publisher: Korean Society of Nephrology
  • Journal: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice, volume 36, issue 3, pages 264-273 (issn: 2211-9132, eissn: 2211-9140)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.23876/j.krcp.2017.36.3.264, pmc: PMC5592894
  • Subject: Original Article | Atrial fibrillation | Chronic kidney disease | Internal medicine | Exercise | RC31-1245 | RC581-951 | Hypertension | Sympathetic hyperactivity | Specialties of internal medicine

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly common, and is most frequently observed in individuals with hypertension and structural cardiac disease. Sympathetic hyperactivity plays a fundamental role in the progression, maintenance and aggravation of arrhythmia. Endurance exercise training clearly lowers sympathetic activity in sympathoexcitatory disease states, and is well-tolerated by patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: We assessed 50 CKD patients with hypertension. Each patient provided a complete medical history and underwent a physical examination. We used an implantable cardiac monitor over a 3-year follow-up period to evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate exercise (ModEx) physical activity protocols on AF occurrence, and determined the effectiveness of these protocols in improving renal function. Subjects were followed up every 6 months after the beginning of the intervention. Results: During the 3-year follow-up, AF onset was higher in CKD patients who engaged in HIIT (72%) than in those who engaged in ModEx (24%) (hazard ratio, 3.847; 95% confidence interval, 1.694–8.740, P = 0.0013 by log-rank test). Both groups exhibited significant intra-group changes in the mean systolic 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPM) between baseline and 12, 24, and 36 months. There were also significant differences in the mean systolic 24-hour ABPM between the groups at the same time points. Conclusion: In CKD patients with hypertension, improvements in AF onset, renal function and some echocardiographic parameters were more evident in subjects who engaged in ModEx than in those who engaged in HIIT during 3 years of follow-up.
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