Childhood Depression: Relation to Adaptive, Clinical and Predictor Variables

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Maite Garaigordobil ; Elena Bernarás ; Joana Jaureguizar ; Juan M. Machimbarrena (2017)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
  • Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 8 (issn: 1664-1078, eissn: 1664-1078)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC5435802, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00821/full, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00821
  • Subject: stress | Psychology | psychosomatic problems | predictor variables | BF1-990 | child depression | Original Research | self-concept | correlations | resilience | social skills

The study had two goals: (1) to explore the relations between self-assessed childhood depression and other adaptive and clinical variables (2) to identify predictor variables of childhood depression. Participants were 420 students aged 7–10 years old (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls). Results revealed: (1) positive correlations between depression and clinical maladjustment, school maladjustment, emotional symptoms, internalizing and externalizing problems, problem behaviors, emotional reactivity, and childhood stress; and (2) negative correlations between depression and personal adaptation, global self-concept, social skills, and resilience (sense of competence and affiliation). Linear regression analysis including the global dimensions revealed 4 predictors of childhood depression that explained 50.6% of the variance: high clinical maladjustment, low global self-concept, high level of stress, and poor social skills. However, upon introducing the sub-dimensions, 9 predictor variables emerged that explained 56.4% of the variance: many internalizing problems, low family self-concept, high anxiety, low responsibility, low personal self-assessment, high social stress, few aggressive behaviors toward peers, many health/psychosomatic problems, and external locus of control. The discussion addresses the importance of implementing prevention programs for childhood depression at early ages.
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