Characteristics of the Operational Noise from Full Scale Wave Energy Converters in the Lysekil Project : Estimation of Potential Environmental Impacts

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Haikonen, Kalle; Sundberg, Jan; Leijon, Mats;
  • Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Elektricitetslära
  • Journal: volume 6,issue 5 5,pages1-21issn: 1996-1073
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/en6052562
  • Subject: Teknik och teknologier | direct driven wave energy converter | environmental impact | Engineering and Technology | Technology | renewable energy | T | underwater noise | direct driven wave energy converter; underwater noise; environmental impact; renewable energy
    • jel: jel:Q0 | jel:Q | jel:Q4 | jel:Q47 | jel:Q49 | jel:Q48 | jel:Q43 | jel:Q42 | jel:Q41 | jel:Q40

Wave energy conversion is a clean electric power production technology. During operation there are no emissions in the form of harmful gases. However there are unsolved issues considering environmental impacts such as: electromagnetism; the artificial reef effect and un... View more
  • References (71)
    71 references, page 1 of 8

    1. Caracas, M.C. The OPD Pelamis WEC: Current status and onward programme (2002). Int. J. Ambient Energy 2003, 24, 21-28.

    2. Polinder, H.; Damen, M.E.C.; Gardner, F. Linear PM generator system for wave energy conversion in the AWS. IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 2004, 20, 583-589.

    3. Kofoed, J.P.; Frigaars, P.; Friis-Madsen, E.; Sørensen, H.C. Prototype testing of the wave energy converter Wave Drageon. Renew. Energy 2006, 31, 181-189.

    4. Waters, R.; Stålberg, M.; Danielsson, O.; Svensson, O.; Gustafsson, S.; Strömstedt, E.; Eriksson, M.; Sundberg, J.; Leijon, M. Experimental results from sea trials of an offshore wave energy system. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2007, 90, 034105:1-034105:3.

    5. Langhamer, O.; Wilhelmsson, D.; Engström, J. Artificial reef effect and fouling on offshore wave power. Eustarine Coast. Shelf Sci. 2009, 82, 426-432.

    6. Langhamer, O.; Wilhelmsson, D. Colonisation of fish and crabs of wave energy foundations and the effects of manufactured holes-A field experiment. Mar. Environ. Res. 2009, 68, 151-157.

    7. Johnson, T.D.; Barnett, A.M.; DeMartini, E.E.; Craft, L.L.; Ambrose, R.F.; Purcell, L.J. Fish production and habitat utilization on a southern California artificial reef. Bull. Mar. Sci. 1994, 55, 709-723.

    8. Lozano-Alvarez, E.; Briones-Fourzán, P.; Negrete-Soto, F. An evaluation of concrete block structures as shelter for juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus. Bull. Mar. Sci. 1994, 55, 351-362.

    9. Gosling, L.M.; Sutherland, W.J. Behaviour and Conservation; Cambridge University Press: New York, NY, USA, 2004; p. 252.

    10. Hildebrand, J.A. Anthropogenic and natural sources of ambient noise in the ocean. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 2009, 395, 5-20.

  • Related Organizations (2)
  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark