Liberalizing Trade, and its Impact on Poverty and Inequality in Nicaragua

Research, Preprint OPEN
Sanchez, Marco V.; Vos, Rob;
(2009)
  • Publisher: World Bank, Washington, DC
  • Subject: GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS | IMPACT OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION | IMPORT PRICES | QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS | PRIVATE SAVINGS | UNILATERAL LIBERALIZATION | COMMON MARKET | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORLD MARKET | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | TRADE POLICIES | IMPORT DUTIES | MARKET STRUCTURES | AGRICULTURAL INCENTIVES | CIVIL WAR | PROTECTION DATA | Distorted incentives, agricultural and trade policy reforms, national agricultural development, Agricultural and Food Policy, International Relations/Trade, F13, F14, Q17, Q18, | EXPORTERS | INCOMES | TRADE TAX | AGGREGATE IMPORTS | EXTREME POVERTY | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | TRADE FLOWS | EXPOSURE | CAPITAL INFLOWS | TAX RATE | TARIFF REDUCTIONS | CONSUMER PRICES | CENTRAL BANK | EXPORT SUBSIDIES | WORLD PRICES | POVERTY REDUCTION | COMMODITY | ECONOMIC INTEGRATION | CAPITAL FLOWS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | COMMODITIES | GROWTH RATE | RATE OF GROWTH | MARKET CONDITIONS | TRADE PROTECTION | MARKET ACCESS | LIBERALIZATIONS | FACTORS OF PRODUCTION | PREFERENTIAL ACCESS | PREFERENTIAL MARKET ACCESS | LABOR MARKETS | PRICE LIBERALIZATION | EXCHANGE RATE | MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO SAVE | CD | HUMAN CAPITAL | SAFEGUARD MEASURES | AGRICULTURAL INCOMES | CAPITAL GOOD | DOMESTIC PRICE | BASE YEAR | CAPITAL STOCKS | POPULATION AGEING | CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE | SKILLED WORKERS | EXPORT PRICE | TRADE REFORM | REGIONAL TRADE | IMPORT TARIFFS | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | DOMESTIC PRODUCERS | CAPITAL GOODS | TARIFF REVENUES | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | TRADE STRUCTURE | APPAREL | TAX RATES | IMPACT OF TRADE | CAPITAL STOCK | AGRICULTURAL TRADE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | FISCAL DEFICIT | MARKET PRICES | TRADE BARRIERS | NET CAPITAL | PRIMARY GOODS | VALUE OF IMPORTS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | INCOME | PRICE SUPPORT | IMPORT | IMPORT PROTECTION | ELASTICITY | EXPORTS | TRADE SHOCK | GINI COEFFICIENT | DEMAND FOR CAPITAL | INVENTORY | AGRICULTURE | LABOR MARKET STRUCTURE | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | MULTILATERAL TRADE | ECONOMIC WELFARE | TRADE BALANCE | GLOBAL TRADE ANALYSIS | UNILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION | IMPORT COMPETITION | IMPORT TARIFF | WAGES | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | CURRENT ACCOUNT | PER CAPITA INCOME | AGRICULTURAL SUPPORT | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | MONOPOLIES | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | FREE ACCESS | GLOBAL TRADE | PRICE DISTORTIONS | RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | TRADE PREFERENCES | DEFLATORS | OUTPUT | CUSTOMS PROCEDURES | GLOBAL COMPETITION | INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS | REAL GDP | TARIFF REDUCTION | TRADE NEGOTIATIONS | SAVINGS | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | TRADE OPENNESS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | FREE TRADE | EPZ | TRADE OPENING | GDP | WTO | UNEMPLOYMENT | WAGE GROWTH | DOMESTIC MARKET | FIXED INVESTMENT | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE | ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES | PROTECTION STRUCTURE | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | AVERAGE TARIFF | EXPORT COMMODITY | TARIFF RATE | EXTERNAL TERMS OF TRADE | MULTILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION | GROWTH RATES | BILATERAL AGREEMENTS | TRADE MODELS | VALUE ADDED | DEMOGRAPHIC | FREE TRADE AGREEMENT | WELFARE GAINS | AGRICULTURAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | TRADE DEFICIT | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORLD MARKETS | QUOTAS | EXPORT PRICES | VOLATILITY | CAPITAL MARKET | TARIFFS ON IMPORTS | BILATERAL TRADE | COMMODITY PRICES | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | WORLD TRADE | TERMS OF TRADE | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | TRADE POLICY | COMMODITY PRICE | TAX | REAL WAGE GROWTH | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | PRODUCTION COSTS | LOCAL CURRENCY | DOMESTIC PRODUCTION | TOTAL EXPORTS | TAXATION | AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE | VALUE OF EXPORTS | RULES OF ORIGIN | PROFIT MAXIMIZATION | INDEXATION | MARKET STRUCTURE | IMPORT CONTENT | TRADING PARTNER | LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE | DOMESTIC PRICES | COUNTERFACTUAL SIMULATIONS | LABOR MARKET | ECONOMIC SECTORS | EXPORT SUPPLY | PRODUCTIVITY | EXPORT GROWTH | CONSUMERS | EXPORT PROCESSING | DOMESTIC MARKETS | TRADE SHOCKS | TRADE TAXES | INCOME LEVELS | TRADING PARTNERS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | TRADE EFFECTS | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | EXPORT TAXES | LIVING STANDARDS | UNILATERAL TRADE | TARIFF RATES | AGRICULTURAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION | EQUILIBRIUM | EXPORT EARNINGS | PUBLIC UTILITY | EXOGENOUS VARIABLES

The Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations stalled in 2008 owing in no small degree to a lack of agreement on the terms of substantially reducing trade-distorting support for agricultural products and to what extent this would be beneficial to developing countrie... View more
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