Intrauterine stress induces increased risk of adult disease through fetal programming mechanisms. Oxidative stress can be generated by several conditions, such as, prenatal hypoxia, maternal under- and overnutrition, and excessive glucocorticoid exposure. The role of ox... View more
Symonds, ME, Stephenson, T, Gardner, DS, Budge, H. Long-term effects of nutritional programming of the embryo and fetus: mechanisms and critical windows.
Reproduction, Fertility and Development
. 2007; 19 (1): 53-63