Rapid Multiple Immunoenzyme Assay of Mycotoxins

Other literature type, Article English OPEN
Urusov, Alexandr ; Zherdev, Anatoly ; Petrakova, Alina ; Sadykhov, Elchin ; Koroleva, Olga ; Dzantiev, Boris (2015)
  • Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
  • Journal: Toxins, volume 7, issue 2, pages 238-254 (issn: 2072-6651, eissn: 2072-6651)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4344622, doi: 10.3390/toxins7020238
  • Subject: methanol extracts | ochratoxin A | zearalenone | mycotoxins | Medicine | Article | biotin-streptavidin reaction | ELISA | R | aflatoxin B1 | kinetic immunoassay
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages | technology, industry, and agriculture

Mycotoxins are low molecular weight fungal metabolites that pose a threat as toxic contaminants of food products, thereby necessitating their effective monitoring and control. Microplate ELISA can be used for this purpose, but this method is characteristically time consuming, with a duration extending to several hours. This report proposes a variant of the ELISA method for the detection and quantification of three mycotoxins, ochratoxin A, aflatoxin B1 and zearalenone, in the kinetic regime. The main requirement for the proposed kinetic protocol was to provide a rapid method that combined sensitivity and accuracy. The use of biotin with an extended spacer together with a streptavidin–polyperoxidase conjugate provided high signal levels, despite these interactions occurring under non-equilibrium conditions. Duration of the individual mycotoxin assays was 20 min, whereas the analysis of all three mycotoxins in parallel reached a maximum duration of 25 min. Recovery of at least 95% mycotoxins in water-organic extracts was shown. The developed assays were successfully validated using poultry processing products and corn samples spiked with known quantities of mycotoxins. The detection limits for aflatoxin B1, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in these substances were 0.24, 1.2 and 3 ng/g, respectively.
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