Electrical stimulation drives chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cellsin the absence of exogenous growth factors

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Hyuck Joon Kwon; Gyu Seok Lee; Honggu Chun;

Electrical stimulation (ES) is known to guide the development and regeneration of many tissues. However, although preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated superior effects of ES on cartilage repair, the effects of ES on chondrogenesis remain elusive. Since mes... View more
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