A step beyond local observations with a dialog aware bidirectional GRU network for Spoken Language Understanding
Vukotic , Vedran
Raymond , Christian
Gravier , Guillaume
- Publisher: HAL CCSD
spoken language understanding | gated recurrent units | [ INFO.INFO-CL ] Computer Science [cs]/Computation and Language [cs.CL] | GRU | bidirectional LSTM | dialog history | dialog | deep learning | LSTM | RNN | bidirectional GRU | recurrent neural networks | SLU | long short-term memory
International audience; Architectures of Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) recently become a very popular choice for Spoken Language Understanding (SLU) problems; however, they represent a big family of different architectures that can furthermore be combined to form more complex neural networks. In this work, we compare different recurrent networks, such as simple Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN), Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks, Gated Memory Units (GRU) and their bidirectional versions, on the popular ATIS dataset and on MEDIA, a more complex French dataset. Additionally, we propose a novel method where information about the presence of relevant word classes in the dialog history is combined with a bidirectional GRU, and we show that combining relevant word classes from the dialog history improves the performance over recurrent networks that work by solely analyzing the current sentence.