Auditory driving of the autonomic nervous system: Listening to theta-frequency binaural beats post-exercise increases parasympathetic activation and sympathetic withdrawal

Article English OPEN
McConnell, Patrick A.; Froeliger, Brett; Garland, Eric L.; Ives, Jeffrey C.; Sforzo, Gary A.;
(2014)

Binaural beats are an auditory illusion perceived when two or more pure tones of similar frequencies are presented dichotically through stereo headphones. Although this phenomenon is thought to facilitate state changes (e.g., relaxation), few empirical studies have repo... View more
  • References (52)
    52 references, page 1 of 6

    Armstrong R. G. Kenny G. P. Green G. Seely A. J. (2011). Diurnal variation in heart rate variability before and after maximal exercise testing. Chronobiol. Int. 28 34 4–351. 10.3109/07420528.2011.559674

    Atwater F. H. (2004). The Hemi-Sync® Process. Faber, VA: The Monroe Institute.

    Benson H. Arns P. A. Hoffman J. W. (1981). The relaxation response and hypnosis. Int. J. Clin. Exp. Hypn. 29 259–270. 10.1080/00207148108409160

    Bradshaw D. I. George J. D. Hyde A. LaMonte M. J. Vehrs P. R. Hager R. L. (2005). An accurate V02max nonexercise regression model for 18-65 year-old adults. Res. Q. Exerc. Sport 76 426–432. 10.1080/02701367.2005.10599315

    Brady B. Stevens L. (2000). Binaural-beat induced theta EEG activity and hypnotic susceptibility. Am. J. Clin. Hypn. 43 53–69. 10.1080/00029157.2000.10404255

    Brenner I. K. Thomas S. Shephard R. J. (1998). Autonomic regulation of the circulation during exercise and heat exposure. Sports Med. 26 85–99. 10.2165/00007256-199826020-00003

    Bricout V. A. DeChenaud S. Favre-Juvin A. (2010). Analyses of heart rate variability in young soccer players: the effects of sport activity. Auton. Neurosci. 154 112–116. 10.1016/j.autneu.2009.12.001

    Buchheit M. Gindre C. (2006). Cardiac parasymp athetic regulation: respective associations with cardiorespiratory fitness and training load. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 291 H451–H458. 10.1152/ajpheart.00008.2006

    Camm A. J. Malik M. Bigger J. T. Breithardt G. Cerutti S. Cohen R. J. (1996). Heart rate variability: standards of measurement, physiological interpretation and clinical use. Task force of the european society of cardiology and the North American society of pacing and electrophysiology. Circulation 93 1043–1065. 10.1161/01.CIR.93.5.1043

    Cantor D. S. Stevens E. (2009). QEEG correlates of auditory-visual entrainment treatment efficacy of refractory depression. J. Neurother. 13 100–108. 10.1080/10874200902887130

  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark