publication . Article . 2014

Detection of Termites and Other Insects Consumed by African Great Apes using Molecular Fecal Analysis

Hamad, Ibrahim; Delaporte, Eric; Raoult, Didier; Bittar, Fadi;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2014 Journal: Scientific Reports, volume 4 (issn: 2045-2322, eissn: 2045-2322, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract
The consumption of insects by apes has previously been reported based on direct observations and/or trail signs in feces. However, DNA-based diet analyses may have the potential to reveal trophic links for these wild species. Herein, we analyzed the insect-diet diversity of 9 feces obtained from three species of African great apes, gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and bonobo (Pan paniscus), using two mitochondrial amplifications for arthropods. A total of 1056 clones were sequenced for Cyt-b and COI gene libraries, which contained 50 and 56 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), respectively. BLAST research revealed that the OTUs belo...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: fungi
free text keywords: [SDV.MP.PAR]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Microbiology and Parasitology/Parasitology, Article
60 references, page 1 of 4

Tutin C. E. G. & Fernandez M. Composition of the diet of chimpanzees and comparisons with that of sympatric lowland gorillas in the lopé, reserve, gabon. Am. J. Primatol. 30, 195–211 (1993).

Gursky S.Tarsiiformes. In: Primates in Perspective, (eds. Campbell, C., Fuentes, A., Mackinnon, K., Bearder, S., Stump, R.) 79–90 (Oxford University Press, UK, 2001).

Harcourt C.Seasonal variation in the diet of South African Galago s. Int. J. Primatol.7, 491–506 (1986).

Isbell L. A. & Young T. P. Interspecific and temporal variation of ant species within Acacia drepanolobium ant domatia, a staple food of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya. Am. J. Primatol. 69, 1387–1398 (2007).17487875 [PubMed]

Chapman C. A.et al. in Variation in the diets of Cercopithecus species: differences within forests, among forests, and across species (ed Cords, M. & Glenn, M. E.) 325–350 (Academic/Plenum, New York: Kluwer, 2002).

Struhsaker T.The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior and Ecology of Endangered Species. (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2010).

Rogers M. E.et al.Western gorilla diet: a synthesis from six sites. Am. J. Primatol.64, 173–192 (2004).15470742 [PubMed]

Yamagiwa J. & Mwanza N. Day-journey length and daily diet of solitary male gorillas in lowland and highland habitats. Int. J. Primatol. 15, 207–224 (1994).

Remis M. J.Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) as seasonal frugivores: use of variable resources. Am. J. Primatol.43, 87–109 (1997).9327094 [PubMed]

Doran D. M.et al.Western lowland gorilla diet and resource availability: new evidence, cross-site comparisons, and reflections on indirect sampling methods. Am. J. Primatol.58, 91–116 (2002).12454955 [PubMed]

Inogwabini B. I. & Matungila B. Bonobo food items, food availability and bonobo distribution in the Lake Tumba Swampy Forests, Democratic Republic of Congo. Open. Conservat. Bio. J. 3, 14–23 (2009).

Schaller G. B.The mountain gorilla: ecology and behavior. (University of Chicago Press, 1963).

Jones C. & Sabater P. J. Comparative Ecology of Gorilla gorilla & Pan troglodytes in Rio Muni West Africa. Bibl. Primatol. 13, 1–96 (1971).

Cipolletta C.et al.Termite Feeding by Gorilla gorilla gorilla at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. Int. J. Primatol.28, 457–476 (2007).

Deblauwe I. & Dekoninck W. Diversity and distribution of ground-dwelling ants in a lowland rainforest in southeast Cameroon. Insect. Soc. 54, 334–342 (2007). [OpenAIRE]

60 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
The consumption of insects by apes has previously been reported based on direct observations and/or trail signs in feces. However, DNA-based diet analyses may have the potential to reveal trophic links for these wild species. Herein, we analyzed the insect-diet diversity of 9 feces obtained from three species of African great apes, gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and bonobo (Pan paniscus), using two mitochondrial amplifications for arthropods. A total of 1056 clones were sequenced for Cyt-b and COI gene libraries, which contained 50 and 56 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), respectively. BLAST research revealed that the OTUs belo...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: fungi
free text keywords: [SDV.MP.PAR]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Microbiology and Parasitology/Parasitology, Article
60 references, page 1 of 4

Tutin C. E. G. & Fernandez M. Composition of the diet of chimpanzees and comparisons with that of sympatric lowland gorillas in the lopé, reserve, gabon. Am. J. Primatol. 30, 195–211 (1993).

Gursky S.Tarsiiformes. In: Primates in Perspective, (eds. Campbell, C., Fuentes, A., Mackinnon, K., Bearder, S., Stump, R.) 79–90 (Oxford University Press, UK, 2001).

Harcourt C.Seasonal variation in the diet of South African Galago s. Int. J. Primatol.7, 491–506 (1986).

Isbell L. A. & Young T. P. Interspecific and temporal variation of ant species within Acacia drepanolobium ant domatia, a staple food of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya. Am. J. Primatol. 69, 1387–1398 (2007).17487875 [PubMed]

Chapman C. A.et al. in Variation in the diets of Cercopithecus species: differences within forests, among forests, and across species (ed Cords, M. & Glenn, M. E.) 325–350 (Academic/Plenum, New York: Kluwer, 2002).

Struhsaker T.The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior and Ecology of Endangered Species. (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2010).

Rogers M. E.et al.Western gorilla diet: a synthesis from six sites. Am. J. Primatol.64, 173–192 (2004).15470742 [PubMed]

Yamagiwa J. & Mwanza N. Day-journey length and daily diet of solitary male gorillas in lowland and highland habitats. Int. J. Primatol. 15, 207–224 (1994).

Remis M. J.Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) as seasonal frugivores: use of variable resources. Am. J. Primatol.43, 87–109 (1997).9327094 [PubMed]

Doran D. M.et al.Western lowland gorilla diet and resource availability: new evidence, cross-site comparisons, and reflections on indirect sampling methods. Am. J. Primatol.58, 91–116 (2002).12454955 [PubMed]

Inogwabini B. I. & Matungila B. Bonobo food items, food availability and bonobo distribution in the Lake Tumba Swampy Forests, Democratic Republic of Congo. Open. Conservat. Bio. J. 3, 14–23 (2009).

Schaller G. B.The mountain gorilla: ecology and behavior. (University of Chicago Press, 1963).

Jones C. & Sabater P. J. Comparative Ecology of Gorilla gorilla & Pan troglodytes in Rio Muni West Africa. Bibl. Primatol. 13, 1–96 (1971).

Cipolletta C.et al.Termite Feeding by Gorilla gorilla gorilla at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. Int. J. Primatol.28, 457–476 (2007).

Deblauwe I. & Dekoninck W. Diversity and distribution of ground-dwelling ants in a lowland rainforest in southeast Cameroon. Insect. Soc. 54, 334–342 (2007). [OpenAIRE]

60 references, page 1 of 4
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publication . Article . 2014

Detection of Termites and Other Insects Consumed by African Great Apes using Molecular Fecal Analysis

Hamad, Ibrahim; Delaporte, Eric; Raoult, Didier; Bittar, Fadi;