Elitism and Stochastic Dominance
Bazen , Stephen
Moyes , Patrick
- Publisher: HAL CCSD
[ SHS.ECO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Economies and finances | Decumulative Distribution Functions, Stochastic Dominance, Regressive Transfers, Elitism, Scientiﬁc Performance, Aﬄuence | Decumulative distribution functions | [SHS.ECO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Economies and finances | Stochastic dominance | Affluence | Decumulative distribution functions,Stochastic dominance,Regressive transfers,Elitism,Scientific Performance,Affluence | Regressive transfers | Elitism | Scientific Performance
Stochastic dominance has typically been used with a special emphasis on risk and inequality reduction something captured by the concavity of the utility function in the expected utility model. We claim that the applicability of the stochastic dominance approach goes far beyond risk and inequality measurement provided suitable adpations be made. We apply in the paper the stochastic dominance approach to the measurment of elitism which may be considered the opposite of egalitarianism. While the usual stochastic dominance quasi-orderings attach more value to more equal and more efficient distributions, our criteria ensure that the more unequal and the more the efficient the distribution, the higher it is ranked. two instances are provided by (i) comparisons of scientific performance across institutions like universities or departments and (ii) comparisons of affluence as opposed to poverty across countries.