THE ORIGINS AND NATURE OF MONEY

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Mihaela IAVORSCHI (2014)
  • Publisher: Editura Univeristatii "Stefan cel Mare" din Suceava
  • Journal: The USV Annals of Economics and Public Administration, volume 14, issue 1(19) June, pages 71-78 (issn: 2285-3332, eissn: 2344-3847)
  • Subject: HF5001-6182 | money | Business | state intervention | exchange | liquidity | free market

The importance of money and the role they hold in the economy can be seen as the keystone of economic life. For a better understanding of the essence of the monetary phenomena it is especially important to turn to history and see how money was born. By turning to their origins, we discover the real fundaments of monetary issues. Only after such a systematic analysis we will be able to suggest the appropriate solutions for the current monetary issues. Therefore, in this study I will research the origin of money and their functionality on the market.The aim of this paper is to analyse the origin of money as a social institution. The appearance and use of money has prehistoric roots. People have turned to the usage of money out of need to facilitate trade. During thousands of years money has known different forms going from money as merchandise, to coins and later to paper money and electronic currency. In this study I have analysed the role of natural money, as well as their production and functionality on the market. The main questionto be answered is whether the production and functionality of paper money nowadays is the consequence of the free market, having the Austrian’s School liberal perspective as a starting point. This methodological approach demonstrates that money is and will remain a social institution and the implication of the authorities in the currency issuing, even from ancient times, has caused distortions in the economic activity.
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